Sigma shapes : parametric shape estimation for view and interaction planning
Author(s)Prentice, Samuel J.(Samuel James)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
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It is often useful for robots to actively build a model of an unknown 3D scene to enable tasks such as manipulation, mapping and object search. To do so requires choosing a representation to accumulate spatial knowledge, and strategies for selecting actions to acquire relevant spatial information and interact with objects. To achieve reliable performance, the data representation and planning algorithm should take into account uncertainty in the robot's belief of the world, to mitigate the effects of sensor noise and promote informative and robust actions. In this thesis we develop a spatial representation based on geometric shapes that maintains a probability distribution over shape parameters. By augmenting the representation with uncertainty, the robot can reason over object-level information about the shape parameters. Our approach enables the shape of novel objects to be inferred online from a sequence of views, and supports predicting viewpoint information and grasp robustness.
Thesis: Ph. D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, September, 2020Cataloged from student-submitted PDF of thesis. Pages 179 and 180 blank.Includes bibliographical references (pages 171-178).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.