The Effects of Image Distribution and Task on Adversarial Robustness
Author(s)Kunhardt, Owen; Deza, Arturo; Poggio, Tomaso
In this paper, we propose an adaptation to the area under the curve (AUC) metric to measure the adversarial robustness of a model over a particular ε-interval [ε_0, ε_1] (interval of adversarial perturbation strengths) that facilitates unbiased comparisons across models when they have different initial ε_0 performance. This can be used to determine how adversarially robust a model is to different image distributions or task (or some other variable); and/or to measure how robust a model is comparatively to other models. We used this adversarial robustness metric on models of an MNIST, CIFAR-10, and a Fusion dataset (CIFAR-10 + MNIST) where trained models performed either a digit or object recognition task using a LeNet, ResNet50, or a fully connected network (FullyConnectedNet) architecture and found the following: 1) CIFAR-10 models are inherently less adversarially robust than MNIST models; 2) Both the image distribution and task that a model is trained on can affect the adversarial robustness of the resultant model. 3) Pretraining with a different image distribution and task sometimes carries over the adversarial robustness induced by that image distribution and task in the resultant model; Collectively, our results imply non-trivial differences of the learned representation space of one perceptual system over another given its exposure to different image statistics or tasks (mainly objects vs digits). Moreover, these results hold even when model systems are equalized to have the same level of performance, or when exposed to approximately matched image statistics of fusion images but with different tasks.
Center for Brains, Minds and Machines (CBMM)