Categorical perception and influence of attention on neural consistency in response to speech sounds in adults with dyslexia
Author(s)Centanni, Tracy M; Beach, Sara Dawley; Ozernov-Palchik, Ola; May, S.; Pantazis, Dimitrios; Gabrieli, John D. E.; ... Show more Show less
DownloadAccepted version (713.6Kb)
Open Access Policy
Open Access Policy
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike
MetadataShow full item record
Developmental dyslexia is a common neurodevelopmental disorder that is associated with alterations in the behavioral and neural processing of speech sounds, but the scope and nature of that association is uncertain. It has been proposed that more variable auditory processing could underlie some of the core deficits in this disorder. In the current study, magnetoencephalography (MEG) data were acquired from adults with and without dyslexia while they passively listened to or actively categorized tokens from a /ba/-/da/ consonant continuum. We observed no significant group difference in active categorical perception of this continuum in either of our two behavioral assessments. During passive listening, adults with dyslexia exhibited neural responses that were as consistent as those of typically reading adults in six cortical regions associated with auditory perception, language, and reading. However, they exhibited significantly less consistency in the left supramarginal gyrus, where greater inconsistency correlated significantly with worse decoding skills in the group with dyslexia. The group difference in the left supramarginal gyrus was evident only when neural data were binned with a high temporal resolution and was only significant during the passive condition. Interestingly, consistency significantly improved in both groups during active categorization versus passive listening. These findings suggest that adults with dyslexia exhibit typical levels of neural consistency in response to speech sounds with the exception of the left supramarginal gyrus and that this consistency increases during active versus passive perception of speech sounds similarly in the two groups.
DepartmentMcGovern Institute for Brain Research at MIT; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences
Annals of Dyslexia
Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Centanni, TM, Beach, SD, Ozernov-Palchik, O, May, S, Pantazis, D et al. 2021. "Categorical perception and influence of attention on neural consistency in response to speech sounds in adults with dyslexia." Annals of Dyslexia.
Author's final manuscript