Issues in the design of shape memory alloy actuators
Author(s)Lederlé, Stéphane, 1978-
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
Steven R. Hall.
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This thesis considers the application of shape memory alloy (SMA) actuators for shape control of the undertray of a sports car. By deforming the shape of the structure that provides aerodynamic stability to the car, we expect to improve the overall performance of the vehicle by adapting its aerodynamics according to the vehicle speed. We then develop a methodology for designing SMA actuators in this application. The methodology is based on the integration of the different models involved: mechanical, thermal, and electrical. The constraints imposed on the device are also incorporated. Unfortunately, the analysis predicts an actuation time that is too slow for this particular application. Still, we use our assembled model to sketch the expected characteristics of SMA actuators. A significant result is that the actuation time is a function of the amount of energy the active material has to provide, and that there is a necessary trade-off between the mass of actuators and the actuation time. In particular, the expected energy density may have to be decreased to achieve acceptable actuation times. Finally, we propose a way to estimate a priori the suitability of SMA actuators for a particular application.
Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2002."June 2002."Includes bibliographical references (p. 93-96).This electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Aeronautics and Astronautics.