Langasite bulk acoustic wave resonant sensor for high temperature applications
Author(s)Seh, Huankiat, 1974-
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering.
Harry L. Tuller.
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(cont.) The self consistent defect model established the defect chemistry of langasite, enabling important parameters describing reduction (Er = 5.70± -0.06eV and 6.57±-0.24eV for acceptor and donor doped langasite respectively) and oxidation (Eo = 2.18±0.08eV), intrinsic electron-hole generation (Eg [approx. equals] 4.0-4.4eV) and defect ionization (ED-ion = 52±0.06eV for Nb ionization), to be extracted. The predictive defect model was used to calculate the dependence of the partial ionic and electronic conductivities and mass change as functions of temperature, dopant level and pO₂. Given that the magnitudes of conductivity and mass change directly affect the resolution and sensitivity limits of langasite resonators, their predictions allowed for the definition of acceptable operating limits and/or the design of properties for optimum resolution and sensitivity. Two high temperature applications of resonant sensors were studied. Praseodymiumcerium oxide was selected for oxygen partial pressure monitoring and is representative of films which change mass upon absorption or desorption of gaseous species. Barium carbonate film was selected for NO₂ sensing and is representative of films which change mass upon reaction with the gas phase to form a new product phase. Both sensors showed sensitivity to their respective target chemicals and demonstrated the feasibility of high temperature sensor applications. The performance of each sensor was discussed and suggestions for improving sensor performance were presented.The high temperature transport properties of langasite, La₃Ga₅SiO₁₄, were investigated with special attention focused on their potential impact on the utilization of langasite as a mass sensitive resonant platform for high temperature sensor applications. The electrical properties of acceptor and donor doped langasite were examined at temperatures ranging from 700 to 1000 ⁰C, and pO₂ of 1 to 10-25atm. Acceptor doped langasite was shown to exhibit mixed ionic-electronic conductivity behavior, with predominant ionic conduction due to mobile oxygen vacancies at high pO₂, and n-type electronic conduction due to electrons at low pO₂. Increasing acceptor level resulted in the appearance of p-type hole conduction at high pO₂ and increased ionic conductivity, while the n-type electron conduction was depressed. Donor doped langasite was shown to be electronic at all temperatures and pO₂. The electron mobility of langasite was found to be activated (polaron hopping) with an activation energy of 0.15(±0.01)eV, whereas the holes were assumed to be quasi free carriers. The activation energy for oxygen vacancy migration was estimated to be 0.91(±0.01)eV under dilute solution conditions and 1.27(±0.02)eV for 1% Sr level under concentrated solution conditions. Both values of activation energy of ionic conductivity-temperature product are consistent with activation energy of oxygen self-diffusivity in the respective materials. The electrical properties were related to the underlying defect and transport processes using defect modeling.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering, 2005.This electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections.Vita.Includes bibliographical references (p. 175-188).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Materials Science and Engineering.