Real options approach to capacity planning under uncertainty
Author(s)Mittal, Geetanjali, 1979-
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering.
Richard de Neufville.
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This thesis highlights the effectiveness of Real Options Analysis (ROA) in capacity planning decisions for engineering projects subject to uncertainty. This is in contrast to the irreversible decision-making proposed by the deterministic strategies based on expected estimates of parameters drawn years in advance. Effectiveness is measured by three metrics: cost efficiency, capacity sufficiency and Value at Risk. The study documents the effects of uncertainty on planning facilities with high fixed-costs. It addresses engineers and planners by presenting fundamental insights of ROA without expecting Options-pricing knowledge a priori. The main idea is demonstrated via a case study of hydropower capacity planning. An analytical probabilistic capacity planning tool is developed to compare results given by traditional valuation and ROA. The tool may be useful for determining resource utilization policies and decision-making in the construction of such plants. Two specific options have been examined: (1) Vary size and timing of capacity increment (2) Defer hydropower plant construction to observe demand by relying on low fixed-cost and high operational-cost facilities in the initial years. The conclusion is that dynamic capacity planning approach is more effective if the forecasts are pessimistic or optimistic but not necessarily if realized parameters are similar to forecasts. Decisions based on distribution of driving factors and outcomes may be better aligned with the management's overall risk preferences than those based solely on expected mean of these parameters.
Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 2004.Includes bibliographical references (p. 128-133).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering.; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Civil and Environmental Engineering.