Double layer capacitors : automotive applications and modeling
Author(s)New, David Allen, 1976-
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
John G. Kassakian.
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This thesis documents the work on the modeling of double layer capacitors (DLCs) and the validation of the modeling procedure. Several experiments were conducted to subject the device under test to a variety of charging/discharging profile and temperatures in an effort to simulate the various conditions such a device might encounter in an automotive type application. High and low current charging profiles were performed for both charge/discharge and charge/hold/discharge type experiments. Low temperature ([approx.] -25 ⁰C), room temperature ([approx.] 21 ⁰C), and high temperature experiments ([approx.] 50 ⁰C) were performed for the investigation of temperature effects on these devices. The derived DLC model was used in PSpice® and Matlab® simulations to determine how accurately the model could predict the performance of the device. The nonlinear characteristics of the device were also investigated and the nonlinear modeling information presented as an addition to the basic DLC model. Device variation was explored for a small sample of these devices in an effort to gain insight on the range of tolerances for modern devices. This work also presents an extensive look into the variety of electrochemical capacitor devices under investigation and in use today. An explanation of these devices and their distributed resistances and capacitance is included. This thesis gives a detailed look into the experimental setups and testing procedures used to test the devices, the simulations for the comparison, and presents the results of the comparison. Finally, this thesis documents the conclusion that this simple model procedure adequately predicts the performance of the device under these various performance profiles.
Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2004.Includes bibliographical references (p. 223-227).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.