An exploratory study of B2B marketplaces
Author(s)Minier, Denise Nicole, 1971-
Exploratory study of business-to-business marketplaces
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division.
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A business-to-business (B2B) e-marketplace brings together buyers and sellers using the Internet to conduct or facilitate business transactions. They came onto the scene in the late 1990's. There are independent exchanges, those formed by industry consortia, and private exchanges which are formed for the exclusive use of the single owner and its suppliers and customers. E-marketplaces support nearly all major types of B2B transactions, such as sales via catalogs, contracts, auctions, procurement via reverse auctions and RFQ's (request for quotes), and trading via exchanges. At the height of the dot-com boom, there were approximately 2,500 B2B exchanges worldwide. There was tremendous hype and expectations surrounding them. They were to revolutionize the way companies do business and fundamentally transform industries and the global economy. But the B2B e-marketplace has experienced a shakeout, and most have merged, closed down, or been converted to software vendors. Only about 1,000 are still operating, and this number will likely decline further. Even so, there are still great benefits to be had in the B2B exchange arena. B2B digital marketplaces reduce transaction costs by automating purchasing and sales processes. They reduce information inefficiencies by making prices more transparent and aggregating relevant real-time industry news into one easily accessible place, and they diminish geographic limitations. This research examines the different types and strategies of B2B marketplaces, the rise and fall of exchanges, examples of successful marketplaces, and future trends in the area.
Thesis (M. Eng. in Logistics)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Engineering Systems Division, 2003.Includes bibliographical references (leaves 48-53).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Engineering Systems Division.