Structure and properties of hydrogen and covalently bonded side group liquid crystalline block copolymers
Author(s)Osuji, Chinedum, 1976-
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering.
Edwin L. Thomas.
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Diblock copolymers incorporating liquid crystallinity via a lateral attachment of mesogenic species to a flexible backbone were studied for their microstructure-property relationships. Two families of materials were studied, distinguished primarily by the method of attachment of the mesogen to the polymer. In the first, azobenzene based mesogens were covalently tethered to the isoprene blocks of a poly(styrene)-block-poly(isoprene), P(S-b-ILC), series of diblock copolymers. In the second family of polymers, hydrogen bonding was used to complex bi-phenyl based mesogens to the acrylic acid units of a poly(styrene)-block-poly(acrylic acid), P(S-b-AA) diblock copolymer. The morphology of the P(S-b-ILC) system was characterized as a function of composition, and clear correlations between the microphase separated structure and the thermal properties of the liquid crystalline mesophase were observed and accounted for. Control of the hierarchical structure in these materials was pursued and achieved independently via surface epitaxy, oscillatory shear and, for the first time in this class of materials, via magnetic fields. It was found that the morphology adopted by the material under the external fields is strongly dependent on the orientation of the liquid crystalline mesophase with respect to the inter-material dividing surfaces present due to the microstructure. Oscillatory shear of a P(S-b-ILC) resulted in the first observation of a novel transverse cylindrical microdomain morphology in one case. The investigation of hydrogen-bonded side-group liquid crystalline block copolymers based on P(S-b-AA) followed a screening of several other candidate host diblock-mesogen pairs. The structure and thermal properties of a model P(S-b-AA) diblock and a homopolymer acrylic acid complexed with mesogens were studied and characterized as a function of composition. A high molecular weight analogue, based on poly(styrene)-block-poly(methacrylic acid), P(S-b-MAA), was successfully(cont.) complexed with mesogens to produce a lamellae- forming liquid crystalline diblock copolymer with a very large repeat distance. The material exhibited a photonic band gap with a stop-band in the visible. It is the first example of a self-assembled coil block-LC block copolymer photonic crystal. The material was characterized optically and changes in temperature were used to reversibly manipulate the efficiency and location of the stop-band. The optical properties of the polymer as a function of temperature were correlated to changes in the order parameter of the liquid crystalline phase, observed as a function of temperature.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering, 2003.Vita.Includes bibliographical references.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Materials Science and Engineering.