Multifaced stone and ceramic moulds from Bronze Age Anatolia : building an analytical protocol of mould properties and behavior during the process of metal casting
Author(s)Biçer, Katherine K. (Katherine Kershen)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering.
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A three phase analytical protocol is developed to systematize the study of multifaceted serpentinite bronze-casting moulds from Bronze Age Anatolia (ca. 3500-1700 B.C.). These moulds represent a class of metal processing tools that reflect material properties and perhaps also social concerns in their development and use. In phase I of the protocol, standard serpentinite tiles are heated to known temperatures and the crack density and ineral changes at each temperature are determined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive x-ray (EDX) analysis. These results then serve to calibrate the cracking and mineralogical behaviors of serpentinite replica moulds used in controlled casting experiments during phase II. Metallography on several phase II cast objects provides additional information on heat flow through the stone. In phase III, the protocol is modified appropriately for the non-destructive study of four archaeological moulds using x-ray diffraction (XRD), x-ray fluorescence (XRF), and SEM. The applicability of the protocol to other stone and ceramic materials is discussed.
Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering, 2005.Includes bibliographical references (leaves 91-96).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering.; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Materials Science and Engineering.