A short-range forecasting and inventory strategy for new product launches
Leaders for Manufacturing Program.
Donald B. Rosenfield and Jérémie Gallien.
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Companies like Procter & Gamble that operate on a make-to-stock strategy use forecasts to drive their manufacturing, selling, and buying processes. Because forecasting future demand is not an exact science, inventory management models have been developed to accommodate these uncertainties. There has been a significant improvement in inventory management of base products, where forecasts are based on historical sales information. Because the bulk of forecasting methods depend on this use of historical data, little effort to date has been focused on inventory management of a new product. The use of traditional time- series forecasting methods is not realistic and companies typically resort to using judgmental or analogous (e.g. curve-fitting) means, which are less applicable in making short-range production and inventory decisions. The lack of a new product forecasting method poses a significant problem in the cosmetic industry, which faces an increasing dependence on the introduction of new products for sales growth. Inventory and supply chain management is made even more difficult by the short product-life cycle, long lead times, and complexity and number of SKUs. As the industry trends toward increasing the pace of new product launches, forecast accuracy of a new product in its initial launch stages becomes more critical to manage the supply network's inventory and capacity. This document outlines a supply strategy for new product introductions that improves information management in the forecasting process to optimize supply and inventory planning.(cont.) This method is designed to improve product pipeline forecasts as well as basic replenishment forecasts in the first few months of a product's launch. The model was tested and validated by historical simulations on a cosmetic product line. Results showed significant inventory reductions compared to current inventory management policies.
Thesis (M.B.A.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sloan School of Management; and, (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Chemical Engineering; in conjunction with the Leaders for Manufacturing Program at MIT, 2005.Includes bibliographical references (p. 75-76).
DepartmentSloan School of Management.; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Chemical Engineering.; Leaders for Manufacturing Program.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Sloan School of Management., Chemical Engineering., Leaders for Manufacturing Program.