Now showing items 312-324 of 324

    • The Value of Emissions Trading 

      Webster, Mort David.; Paltsev, Sergey.; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2006-02)
      This paper estimates the value of international emissions trading, focusing attention on a here-to-fore neglected component: its value as a hedge against uncertainty. Much analysis has been done of the Kyoto Protocol and ...
    • Valuing Climate Impacts in Integrated Assessment Models: The MIT IGSM 

      Reilly, John; Paltsev, Sergey; Selin, Noelle E.; Cai, Yongxia; Nam, Kyung-Min; e.a. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-05-22)
      We discuss a strategy for investigating the impacts of climate change on Earth’s physical, biological and human resources and links to their socio-economic consequences. The features of the integrated global system framework ...
    • Water Body Temperature Model for Assessing Climate Change Impacts on Thermal Cooling 

      Strzepek, K.; Fant, C.; Gebretsadik, Y.; Lickley, M.; Boehlert, B.; e.a. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2015-05)
      We develop and test a physically based semi-Lagrangian water body temperature model to apply climatological data and thermal pollution from river-based power plants to historical river flow data in order to better understand ...
    • The welfare costs of hybrid carbon policies in the European Union 

      Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Viguier, Laurent L.; Reilly, John M.; Ellerman, A. Denny.; Criqui, Patrick. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2001-06)
      To what extent do the welfare costs associated with the implementation of the Burden Sharing Agreement in the European Union depend on sectoral allocation of emissions rights? What are the prospects for strategic climate ...
    • What does stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations mean? 

      Jacoby, Henry D.; Schmalensee, Richard.; Reiner, David M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1996-11)
      The MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model is applied to an exploration of the national emissions obligations that would be required to stabilize atmospheric CO2 concentrations at levels now under active ...
    • What drives deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon? : Evidence from satellite and socioeconomic data. 

      Pfaff, Alexander Strickland Putalik. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1996-12)
      This paper analyzes the determinants of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon. From a model of optimal land use, it derives and then estimates a deforestation equation on country-level data for the period 1978 to 1988. The ...
    • What GHG Concentration Targets are Reachable in this Century? 

      Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John M.; Sokolov, Andrei (MIT Joint Program, 2013-07-26)
      We offer simulations that help to understand the relationship between GHG emissions and concentrations, and the relative role of long-lived (e.g., CO2) and short-lived (e.g., CH4) emissions. We show that, absent technologies ...
    • What Should the Government Do To Encourage Technical Change in the Energy Sector? 

      Deutch, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2005-05)
      Government support of innovation—both technology creation and technology demonstration—is desirable to encourage private investors to adopt new technology. In this paper, I review the government role in encouraging technology ...
    • What to Expect from Sectoral Trading: A U.S.–China Example 

      Gavard, Claire; Winchester, Niven; Jacoby, Henry D.; Paltsev, Sergey (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-02)
      In recent United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) negotiations, sectoral mechanisms were proposed as a way to encourage early action and spur investment in low carbon technologies in developing ...
    • Will Border Carbon Adjustments Work? 

      Reilly, John; Paltsev, Sergey; Winchester, Niven (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2010-02)
      The potential for greenhouse gas (GHG) restrictions in some nations to drive emission increases in other nations, or leakage, is a contentious issue in climate change negotiations. We evaluate the potential for border ...
    • Will Economic Restructuring in China Reduce Trade-Embodied CO2 Emissions? 

      Qi, Tianyu; Winchester, Niven; Karplus, Valerie J.; Zhang, Xiliang (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-10)
      We calculate CO2 emissions embodied in China’s net exports using a multi-regional input-output database. We find that the majority of China’s export-embodied CO2 is associated with production of machinery and equipment ...
    • A Win-Win Solution to Abate Aviation CO2 Emissions 

      Winchester, N. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2017-08)
      We outline a benchmark carbon dioxide (CO2) intensity system with tradable permits for the aviation industry that will incent in-sector emission abatement opportunities that cost less than the social cost of carbon (SCC). ...
    • World energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions : 1950-2050 

      Schmalensee, Richard.; Stoker, Thomas M.; Judson, Ruth A. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1996-04)
      Emissions of carbon dioxide from combustion of fossil fuels, which may contribute to long-term climate change, are projected through 2050 using reduced form models estimated with national-level panel data for the period ...