Now showing items 1-9 of 9

    • Can Tariffs be Used to Enforce Paris Climate Commitments? 

      Winchester, N. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2017-06)
      We evaluate the potential for using border carbon adjustments (BCAs) and welfare-maximizing tariffs to compel non-compliant countries to meet emissions reduction targets pledged under the Paris Climate Agreement. Our ...
    • The China-in-Global Energy Model 

      Qi, T.; Winchester, N.; Zhang, D.; Zhang, X.; Karplus, V.J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-05)
      The China-in-Global Energy Model (C-GEM) is a global Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model that captures the interaction of production, consumption and trade among multiple global regions and sectors – including five ...
    • The Contribution of Biomass to Emissions Mitigation under a Global Climate Policy 

      Winchester, N.; Reilly, J.M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2015-01)
      What will large-scale global bioenergy production look like? We investigate this question by developing a detailed representation of bioenergy in a global economy-wide model. We develop a scenario with a global carbon ...
    • The Future of Coal in China 

      Zhang, X.; Winchester, N.; Zhang, X. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2017-04)
      As the world’s largest consumer of total primary energy and energy from coal, and the largest emitter of carbon dioxide (CO2), China is now taking an active role in controlling CO2 emissions. Given current coal use in ...
    • The Impact of Advanced Biofuels on Aviation Emissions and Operations in the U.S. 

      Winchester, N.; Malina, R.; Staples, M.D.; Barrett, S.R.H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2015-02)
      We analyze the economic and emissions impacts on U.S. commercial aviation of the Federal Aviation Administration’s renewable jet fuel goal when met using advanced fermentation (AF) fuel from perennial grasses. These fuels ...
    • The Impact of Oil Prices on Bioenergy, Emissions and Land Use 

      Winchester, N.; Ledvina, K. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2016-10)
      We evaluate how alternative future oil prices will influence the penetration of biofuels, energy production, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, land use and other outcomes. Our analysis employs a global economy wide model and ...
    • The Impact of Water Scarcity on Food, Bioenergy and Deforestation 

      Winchester, N.; Ledvina, K.; Strzepek, K.; Reilly, J.M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2016-07)
      We evaluate the impact of explicitly representing irrigated land and water scarcity in an economy-wide model on food prices, bioenergy production and deforestation both with and without a global carbon policy. The analysis ...
    • Market Cost of Renewable Jet Fuel Adoption in the United States 

      Winchester, N.; McConnachie, D.; Wollersheim, C.; Waitz, I.A. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2013-01)
      The US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has a goal that one billion gallons of renewable jet fuel is consumed by the US aviation industry each year from 2018. We examine the cost to US airlines of meeting this goal ...
    • A Win-Win Solution to Abate Aviation CO2 Emissions 

      Winchester, N. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2017-08)
      We outline a benchmark carbon dioxide (CO2) intensity system with tradable permits for the aviation industry that will incent in-sector emission abatement opportunities that cost less than the social cost of carbon (SCC). ...