Now showing items 75-94 of 329

    • The deep-ocean heat uptake in transient climate change 

      Huang, Boyin.; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P.; Kamenkovich, Igor V. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2002-09)
      The deep-ocean heat uptake (DOHU) in transient climate changes is studied using an ocean general circulation model (OGCM) and its adjoint. The model configuration consists of idealized Pacific and Atlantic basins. The model ...
    • Description and Evaluation of the MIT Earth System Model (MESM) 

      Sokolov, Andrei P; Kicklighter, David W.; Schlosser, C. Adam; Wang, Chien; Monier, Erwan; e.a. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2018-02)
      The MIT Integrated Global System Model (IGSM) is designed for analyzing the global environmental changes that may result from anthropogenic causes, quantifying the uncertainties associated with the projected changes, and ...
    • Description and validation of the MIT version of GISS 2-D model 

      Sokolov, Andrei P.; Stone, Peter H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1995-06)
      A significant number of long-term climate change simulations are to be carried out in the Integrated Framework of the MIT Global Change Joint Program. Since Global Circulation Models (GCMs) require an enormous amount of ...
    • Designing a U.S. Market for CO2 

      Parsons, John E.; Ellerman, A. Denny; Feilhauer, Stephan M. (Stephan Marvin) (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-02)
      In this paper we focus on one component of the cap-and-trade system: the markets that arise for trading allowances after they have been allocated or auctioned. The efficient functioning of the market is key to the success ...
    • Developing country effects of Kyoto-type emissions restrictions 

      Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Jacoby, Henry D. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1999-10)
      Economic links among countries, through trade, will cause the effects of greenhouse-gas control measures taken by one set of nations to ripple through the international trade system, affecting countries that may not have ...
    • Development of a Fast and Detailed Model of Urban-Scale Chemical and Physical Processing 

      Prinn, Ronald G.; Cohen, Jason B. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-10)
      A reduced form metamodel has been produced to simulate the effects of physical, chemical, and meteorological processing of highly reactive trace species in hypothetical urban areas, which is capable of efficiently simulating ...
    • Directed Technical Change and Climate Policy 

      Otto, Vincent M.; Loeschel, Andreas; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2006-04)
      This paper studies the cost effectiveness of climate policy if there are technology externalities. For this purpose, we develop a forward-looking CGE model that captures empirical links between CO2 emissions associated ...
    • Directed Technical Change and the Adoption of CO2 Abatement Technology: The Case of CO2 Capture and Storage 

      Otto, Vincent M.; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2006-08)
      This paper studies the cost effectiveness of combining traditional environmental policy, such as CO2 trading schemes, and technology policy that has aims of reducing the cost and speeding the adoption of CO2 abatement ...
    • Distributional and Efficiency Impacts of Clean and Renewable Energy Standards for Electricity 

      Rausch, Sebastian; Mowers, Matthew (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-07-17)
      We examine the efficiency and distributional impacts of greenhouse gas policies directed toward the electricity sector in a model that links a “top-down” general equilibrium representation of the U.S. economy with a ...
    • Distributional Impacts of a U.S. Greenhouse Gas Policy: A General Equilibrium Analysis of Carbon Pricing 

      Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John M.; Metcalf, Gilbert E.; Rausch, Sebastian (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-11)
      We develop a new model of the U.S., the U.S. Regional Energy Policy (USREP) model that is resolved for large states and regions of the U.S. and by income class and apply the model to investigate a $15 per ton CO2 equivalent ...
    • Distributional Impacts of Carbon Pricing: A General Equilibrium Approach with Micro-Data for Households 

      Rausch, Sebastian; Metcalf, Gilbert E.; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2011-07)
      Many policies to limit greenhouse gas emissions have at their core efforts to put a price on carbon emissions. Carbon pricing impacts households both by raising the cost of carbon intensive products and by changing factor ...
    • Distributional Implications of Alternative U.S. Greenhouse Gas Control Measures 

      Rausch, Sebastian; Metcalf, Gilbert E.; Reilly, John M.; Paltsev, Sergey (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2010-06)
      We analyze the distributional and efficiency impacts of different allowance allocation schemes for a national cap and trade system using the USREP model, a new recursive dynamic computable general equilibrium model of the ...
    • Does Model Sensitivity to Changes in CO2 Provide a Measure of Sensitivity to the Forcing of Different Nature? 

      Sokolov, Andrei P. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2005-03)
      Simulation of both the climate of the 20th century and of possible future climate change requires taking into account numerous forcings of different nature. Climate sensitivities of existing general circulation models, ...
    • A Drought Indicator based on Ecosystem Responses to Water Availability: The Normalized Ecosystem Drought Index 

      Chang, K.-Y.; Paw U, K.T.; Xu, L. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2016-12)
      Drought is one of the most destructive natural disasters causing serious damages to human society, and studies have projected more severe and widespread droughts in the coming decades associated with the warming climate. ...
    • The economic and emissions benefits of engineered wood products in a low-carbon future 

      Winchester, Niven Stewart; Reilly, John M (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2018-06)
      There has been rapid growth in the use of engineered wood products in the construction sector in recent decades. We evaluate the economy-wide impacts of replacing carbon-intensive construction inputs, such as steel and ...
    • Economic assessment of CO₂ capture and disposal 

      Eckaus, Richard S.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Ellerman, A. Denny.; Leung, Wing-Chi.; Yang, Zili. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1996-12)
      A multi-sector multi-region general equilibrium model of economic growth and emissions is used to explore the conditions that will determine the market penetration of CO2 capture and disposal technology.
    • Economic development and the structure of the demand for commerial energy 

      Judson, Ruth A.; Schmalensee, Richard.; Stoker, Thomas M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1998-04)
      To deepen understanding of the relation between economic development and energy demand, this study estimates the Engel curves that relate per-capita energy consumption in major economic sectors to per-capita GDP. Panel ...
    • The Economic Impacts of Climate Change: Evidence from Agricultural Profits and Random Fluctuations of Weather 

      Deschenes, Olivier.; Greenstone, Michael. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2006-01)
      This paper measures the economic impact of climate change on agricultural land in the United States by estimating the effect of the presumably random year-to-year variation in temperature and precipitation on agricultural ...
    • The Economic Projection and Policy Analysis Model for Taiwan: A Global Computable General Equilibrium Analysis 

      Chai, Hui-Chih; Hong, Wei-Hong; Reilly, John M; Paltsev, Sergey; Chen, Y.-H. Henry (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2017-11)
      We present and evaluate a new global computable general equilibrium (CGE) model to focus on analyzing climate policy implications for Taiwan’s economy and its relationship to important trading partners. The main focus of ...
    • Economic Projection with Non-homothetic Preferences: The Performance and Application of a CDE Demand System 

      Chen, Y.-H.H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2016-12)
      In computable general equilibrium modeling, whether the simulation results are consistent to a set of valid own-price and income demand elasticities that are observed empirically remains a key challenge in many modeling ...