Now showing items 89-108 of 329

    • The economic and emissions benefits of engineered wood products in a low-carbon future 

      Winchester, Niven Stewart; Reilly, John M (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2018-06)
      There has been rapid growth in the use of engineered wood products in the construction sector in recent decades. We evaluate the economy-wide impacts of replacing carbon-intensive construction inputs, such as steel and ...
    • Economic assessment of CO₂ capture and disposal 

      Eckaus, Richard S.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Ellerman, A. Denny.; Leung, Wing-Chi.; Yang, Zili. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1996-12)
      A multi-sector multi-region general equilibrium model of economic growth and emissions is used to explore the conditions that will determine the market penetration of CO2 capture and disposal technology.
    • Economic development and the structure of the demand for commerial energy 

      Judson, Ruth A.; Schmalensee, Richard.; Stoker, Thomas M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1998-04)
      To deepen understanding of the relation between economic development and energy demand, this study estimates the Engel curves that relate per-capita energy consumption in major economic sectors to per-capita GDP. Panel ...
    • The Economic Impacts of Climate Change: Evidence from Agricultural Profits and Random Fluctuations of Weather 

      Deschenes, Olivier.; Greenstone, Michael. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2006-01)
      This paper measures the economic impact of climate change on agricultural land in the United States by estimating the effect of the presumably random year-to-year variation in temperature and precipitation on agricultural ...
    • The Economic Projection and Policy Analysis Model for Taiwan: A Global Computable General Equilibrium Analysis 

      Chai, Hui-Chih; Hong, Wei-Hong; Reilly, John M; Paltsev, Sergey; Chen, Y.-H. Henry (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2017-11)
      We present and evaluate a new global computable general equilibrium (CGE) model to focus on analyzing climate policy implications for Taiwan’s economy and its relationship to important trading partners. The main focus of ...
    • Economic Projection with Non-homothetic Preferences: The Performance and Application of a CDE Demand System 

      Chen, Y.-H.H. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2016-12)
      In computable general equilibrium modeling, whether the simulation results are consistent to a set of valid own-price and income demand elasticities that are observed empirically remains a key challenge in many modeling ...
    • The Economic, Energy and Emissions Impacts of Climate Policy in South Korea 

      Winchester, Niven Stewart; Reilly, John M (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2018-03)
      Using an economy-wide model, we evaluate the impact of policies to meet South Korea’s Paris pledge to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 37% relative to those under business as usual (BAU) in 2030. Simulated BAU ...
    • The Economic, Energy, and GHG Emissions Impacts of Proposed 2017–2025 Vehicle Fuel Economy Standards in the United States 

      Karplus, Valerie; Paltsev, Sergey (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-07-31)
      Increases in the U.S. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards for 2017 to 2025 model year light-duty vehicles are currently under consideration. This analysis uses an economy-wide model with detail in the passenger ...
    • Effects of Air Pollution Control on Climate 

      Prinn, Ronald G.; Reilly, John M.; Sarofim, Marcus C.; Wang, Chien.; Felzer, Benjamin Seth. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2005-01)
      Urban air pollution and climate are closely connected due to shared generating processes (e.g., combustion) for emissions of the driving gases and aerosols. They are also connected because the atmospheric lifecycles of ...
    • The effects of changing consumption patterns on the costs of emission restrictions 

      Lahiri, Supriya.; Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Eckaus, Richard S. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2000-08)
    • Effects of differentiating climate policy by sector : a United States example 

      Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Bautista, M.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2000-05)
      The experience of other environmental problems suggests that policies yielding uniform marginal costs across sectors, as most analyses assume, are not likely to be realized in practice. Some sectors will be favored over ...
    • Effects of Nitrogen Limitation on Hydrological Processes in CLM4-CN 

      Lee, E.; Felzer, B.S. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-03)
      The role of nitrogen limitation on photosynthesis downregulation and stomatal conductance has a significant influence on evapotranspiration and runoff. In the current Community Land Model with coupled Carbon and Nitrogen ...
    • The effects on developing countries of the Kyoto Protocol and CO₂ emissions trading 

      Ellerman, A. Denny.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Decaux, Annelène. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1998-11)
      This paper examines the effect of the Kyoto Protocol on developing economies using marginal abatement curves generated by MIT's Emissions Prediction and Policy Assessment model (EPPA). In particular, the paper addresses ...
    • Electricity Generation and Emissions Reduction Decisions under Policy Uncertainty: A General Equilibrium Analysis 

      Morris, J.; Webster, M.; Reilly, J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-04)
      The electric power sector, which accounts for approximately 40% of U.S. carbon dioxide emissions, will be a critical component of any policy the U.S. government pursues to confront climate change. In the context of uncertainty ...
    • Electricity Investments under Technology Cost Uncertainty and Stochastic Technological Learning 

      Morris, Jennifer; Webster, Mort; Reilly, John (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2016-05-10)
      Given that electricity generation investments are expected to operate for 40 or more years, the decisions we make today can have long-term impacts on the electricity system and the ability and cost of meeting long-term ...
    • Emissions Pricing to Stablize Global Climate 

      Bosetti, V.; Paltsev, S.; Reilly, J.; Carraro, C. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-03)
      In the absence of significant greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation, many analysts project that atmospheric concentrations of species identified for control in the Kyoto protocol could exceed 1000 ppm (carbon-dioxide-equivalent) ...
    • Emissions trading to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the United States : the McCain-Lieberman Proposal 

      Paltsev, Sergey.; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Ellerman, A. Denny.; Tay, Kok Hou. (2003-06)
      The Climate Stewardship Act of 2003 (S. 139) is the most detailed effort to date to design an economy-wide cap-and-trade system for US greenhouse gas emissions reductions. The Act caps sectors at their 2000 emissions in ...
    • Emulating maize yields from global gridded crop models using statistical estimates 

      Blanc, E.; Sultan, B. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2015-03)
      This study estimates statistical models emulating maize yield responses to changes in temperature and precipitation simulated by global gridded crop models. We use the unique and newly-released Inter-Sectoral Impact ...
    • The Energy and CO2 Emissions Impact of Renewable Energy Development in China 

      Zhang, X.; Qi, T.; Karplus, V.J. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2013-04)
      China’s recently-adopted targets for developing renewable electricity—wind, solar, and biomass—would require expansion on an unprecedented scale in China and relative to existing global installations. An important question ...
    • The Energy and Economic Impacts of Expanding International Emissions Trading 

      Qi, Tianyu; Winchester, Niven; Karplus, Valerie; Zhang, Xiliang (MIT Joint Program, 2013-08-21)
      Emissions trading systems are recognized as a cost-effective way to facilitate emissions abatement and are expected to play an important role in international cooperation for global climate mitigation. Starting from the ...