Now showing items 21-40 of 329

    • Applying Engineering and Fleet Detail to Represent Passenger Vehicle Transport in a Computable General Equilibrium Model 

      Karplus, V.J.; Paltsev, S.; Babiker, M.; Heywood, J.; Reilly, J.M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-04)
      A well-known challenge in computable general equilibrium (CGE) models is to maintain correspondence between the forecasted economic and physical quantities over time. Maintaining such a correspondence is necessary to ...
    • Are Land-use Emissions Scalable with Increasing Corn Ethanol Mandates in the United States? 

      Ejaz, Qudsia J.; Paltsev, Sergey; Kicklighter, David W.; Winchester, Niven W. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2016-04)
      In response to the Renewable Fuel Standard, the U.S. transportation sector now consumes a substantial amount (13.3 billion gallons in 2010) of ethanol. A key motivation for these mandates is to expand the consumption of ...
    • Assessing Evapotranspiration Estimates from the Global Soil Wetness Project Phase 2 (GSWP-2) Simulations 

      Gao, Xiang; Schlosser, C. Adam (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-09)
      We assess the simulations of global-scale evapotranspiration from the Global Soil Wetness Project Phase 2 (GSWP-2) within a global water-budget framework. The scatter in the GSWP-2 global evapotranspiration estimates from ...
    • Assessment of U.S. Cap-and-Trade Proposals 

      Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Gurgel, Angelo C.; Metcalf, Gilbert E.; e.a. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2007-04)
      The MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis model is applied to an assessment of a set of cap-and-trade proposals being considered by the U.S. Congress in spring 2007. The bills specify emissions reductions to be ...
    • The Association of Large-Scale Climate Variability and Teleconnections on Wind Energy Resource over Europe and its Intermittency 

      Kriesche, Pascal; Schlosser, C. Adam (MIT Joint Program, 2013-09)
      In times of increasing importance of wind power in the world’s energy mix, this study focuses on a better understanding of the influences of large-scale climate variability on wind power resource over Europe. The impact ...
    • Beyond emissions paths : rethinking the climate impacts of emissions protocols in an uncertain world 

      Webster, Mort David.; Reiner, David M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1997-11)
    • Biofuels, Climate Policy and the European Vehicle Fleet 

      Rausch, Sebastian; Reilly, John M.; Paltsev, Sergey; Gitiaux, Xavier (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2009-08)
      We examine the effect of biofuels mandates and climate policy on the European vehicle fleet, considering the prospects for diesel and gasoline vehicles. We use the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model, ...
    • Biomass Energy and Competition for Land 

      Reilly, John; Paltsev, Sergey (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2007-04)
      We describe an approach for incorporating biomass energy production and competition for land into the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model, a computable general equilibrium model of the world economy, ...
    • Bringing Transportation into a Cap-and-Trade Regime 

      Ellerman, A. Denny.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Zimmerman, Martin B. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2006-06)
      The U.S. may at some point adopt a national cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gases, and if and when that happens the system of CAFE regulation of vehicle design very likely could still be in place. Imposed independently ...
    • Can Tariffs be Used to Enforce Paris Climate Commitments? 

      Winchester, N. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2017-06)
      We evaluate the potential for using border carbon adjustments (BCAs) and welfare-maximizing tariffs to compel non-compliant countries to meet emissions reduction targets pledged under the Paris Climate Agreement. Our ...
    • Canada’s Bitumen Industry Under CO2 Constraints 

      Chen, Y.-H. Henry; Paltsev, Sergey; Reilly, John; Chan, Gabriel (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2010-01)
      We investigate the effects of implementing CO2 emissions reduction policies on Canada’s oil sands industry, the largest of its kind in the world. The production of petroleum products from oils sands involves extraction of ...
    • Cap and trade policies in the presence of monopoly and distortionary taxation 

      Fullerton, Don.; Metcalf, Gilbert E. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2001-03)
      We extend an analytical general equilibrium model of environmental policy with pre-existing labor tax distortions to include pre-existing monopoly power as well. We show that the existence of monopoly power has two offsetting ...
    • Cap-and-Trade Climate Policies with Price-Regulated Industries: How Costly are Free Allowances? 

      Bruno, Lanz, 1980-; Rausch, Sebastian (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-07-10)
      We examine the impacts of alternative cap-and-trade allowance allocation designs in a model of the U.S. economy where price-regulated electric utilities generate 30% of total CO2 emissions. Our empirical model embeds a ...
    • Capturing Natural Resource Dynamics in Top-Down Energy‑Economic Equilibrium Models 

      Zhang, D.; Karplus, V.; Rausch, S. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2015-10)
      Top-down energy-economic modeling approaches often use deliberately simple techniques to represent heterogeneous resource inputs to production. We show that for some policies, such as feed-in tariffs (FIT) for renewable ...
    • Carbon emissions and the Kyoto commitment in the European Union 

      Viguier, Laurent L.; Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Reilly, John M. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2001-02)
      We estimate reference CO₂ emission projections in the European Union, and quantify the economic impacts of the Kyoto commitment on Member States. We consider the case where each EU member individually meets a CO₂ emissions ...
    • Carbon emissions in China: How far can new efforts bend the curve? 

      Zhang, Xiliang; Karplus, Valerie J.; Qi, Tianyu; Zhang, Da; He, Jiankun (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-10)
      While China is on track to meet its global climate commitments through 2020, China’s post-2020 CO2 emissions trajectory is highly uncertain, with projections varying widely across studies. Over the past year, the Chinese ...
    • Carbon Tax Revenue and the Budget Deficit: A Win-Win-Win Solution? 

      Rausch, Sebastian; Reilly, John (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2012-08)
      Bush-era tax cuts are scheduled to expire at the end of 2012, leading to interest in raising revenue through a carbon tax. This revenue could be used to either cut other taxes or to avoid cuts in Federal programs. There ...
    • Changes in sea-level associated with modifications on the mass balance of the Greenland and Antartic ice sheets over the 21st century 

      Bugnion, Véronique. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 1999-10)
      Changes in runoff from Greenland and Antarctica are often cited as one of the major concerns linked to anthropogenic changes in climate. The changes in mass balance, and associated changes in sea-level, of these two ice ...
    • Characterization of the Solar Power Resource in Europe and Assessing Benefits of Co-Location with Wind Power Installations 

      Bozonnat, C.; Schlosser, C.A. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-10)
      The extent, availability and reliability of solar power generation are assessed over Europe, and—following a previously developed methodology—special attention is given to the intermittency of solar power. Combined with ...
    • Characterization of the Wind Power Resource in Europe and its Intermittency 

      Cosseron, A.; Schlosser, C.A.; Gunturu, U.B. (MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, 2014-03)
      Wind power is assessed over Europe, with special attention given to the quantification of intermittency. Using the methodology developed in Gunturu and Schlosser (2011), the MERRA boundary flux data was used to compute ...