Fusion of remote vision and on-board acceleration data for the vibration estimation of large space structures
Author(s)Bilton, Amy M. (Amy Marlou)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
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Future space structures such as solar power stations and telescopes are expected to be very large. These structures will require on-orbit construction. Due to the risks and costs of human extravehicular work, teams of robots will be essential for the on-orbit assembly of the large space structures. There are a number of technical challenges presented by such robotic construction. The structures will need to be made of lightweight materials and will be very flexible. Autonomous robots will require information about the vibrations of the flexible structures and their dynamic parameters in order to perform the construction efficiently. Often models of the structures are imperfect, therefore the magnitude of the vibrations of the structure must be estimated on-orbit. This thesis presents a method for estimating the shape and dynamic parameters of a vibrating large space structure. This technique is a cooperative sensing approach using remote free-flying robot observers equipped with vision sensors and structure-mounted accelerometers. This approach exploits the complementary nature of the two types of sensors.(cont.) Vision sensors are able to measure structure deflections at a high spatial frequency but are bandwidth limited. Accelerometers are able to make measurements at high temporal frequency, but are sparsely located on the structure. The fused estimation occurs in three steps. First, the vision data is condensed in a modal decomposition that results in coarse estimates of modal coefficients. In the second step, the coarse estimates of the modal coefficients obtained from vision data are fused with the accelerometer measurements in a multi-rate nonlinear Kalman filter, resulting in a refined estimate of the modal coefficients and dynamic properties of the structure. In the final step, the estimated modal coefficients are combined with the mode shapes to provide a shape estimate of the entire structure. Simulation and experimental results demonstrate that the performance of this fused estimation approach is superior to the performance achieved when using only a single type of sensor.
Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2006.Includes bibliographical references (leaves 81-84).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Aeronautics and Astronautics.