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Fatal Void Size Comparisons in Via-Below and Via-Above Cu Dual-Damascene Interconnects
The median-times-to-failure (t₅₀’s) for straight dual-damascene via-terminated copper interconnect structures, tested under the same conditions, depend on whether the vias connect down to underlaying leads ...
The Influence of Adjacent Segment on the Reliability of Cu Dual Damascene Interconnects
Three terminal âdotted-I’ interconnect structures, with vias at both ends and an additional via in the middle, were tested under various test conditions. Mortalities (failures) were found in right segments with jL value ...