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Observation of Joule Heating-Assisted Electromigration Failure Mechanisms for Dual Damascene Cu/SiO₂ Interconnects
Failure mechanisms observed in electromigration (EM) stressed dual damascene Cu/SiO₂ interconnects trees were studied and simulated. Failure sites with âmelt patch’ or âcrater’ are common for test structures in the top ...
Mortality Dependence of Cu Dual Damascene Interconnects on Adjacent Segments
Electromigration experiments have been carried out on straight interconnects that have single vias at each end, and are divided into two segments by a via in the center ("dotted-I" structures). For dotted-i structures in ...