Investigation on Aluminum-Based Amorphous Metallic Glass as New Anode Material in Lithium Ion Batteries
Author(s)Meng, Shirley Y.; Li, Yi; Ceder, Gerbrand
Aluminum based amorphous metallic glass powders were produced and tested as the anode materials for the lithium ion rechargeable batteries. Ground Al₈₀Ni₁₀La₁₀ was found to have a low first cycle capacity of about 100 Ah/Kg. The considerable amount of intermetallic formed in the amorphous glass makes the aluminum inactive towards the lithium. The ball milled Al₈₈Ni₉Y₃ powders contain pure aluminum crystalline particles in the amorphous matrix and have first cycle capacity of about 500 Ah/Kg. Nevertheless, polarization was caused by oxidation introduced by the ball-milling process. The electrochemical performances of these amorphous metallic glasses need to be further investigated. Their full lithium insertion capacities cannot be confirmed until the compositions and particle size inside the metallic glass anodes, the conformation of the electrodes and the mechanical milling processes are optimized.
Advanced Materials for Micro- and Nano-Systems (AMMNS);
amorphous metallic glass, lithium ion batteries