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dc.contributor.advisorKeith A. Nelson.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSaini, Gaganen_US
dc.contributor.otherMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2007-06-28T12:22:31Z
dc.date.available2007-06-28T12:22:31Z
dc.date.copyright2006en_US
dc.date.issued2006en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/37681
dc.descriptionThesis (M. Eng.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering, 2006.en_US
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references (p. 85-95).en_US
dc.description.abstractA detailed understanding of how materials respond to ballistic shock-loading is critical for the design and development of new protective materials. However, the nonlinear viscoelastic deformation present in polymers and nanocomposites during and immediately following a ballistic impact event is not currently well understood. The dynamic mechanical responses of materials experiencing ballistic shock-loading conditions are quite complex, with large amplitude compressions resulting in strain rates in excess of 106 s-1 and pressures exceeding several GPa. Historically, if one wants to study materials under ballistic shock loading conditions, a gas gun apparatus is necessary to generate appropriate high strain rate events. However, advances in high power ultra-fast laser amplifier systems have opened the possibility of optically generating ballistic shocks which are comparable to a shock wave generated by gas gun apparatus. Time-resolved mechanical property information, such as elastic modulus, bulk modulus, shear modulus, and Poisson's ratio are measured using impulsive stimulated thermal scattering, a laser-based photoacoustic technique.en_US
dc.description.abstract(cont.) A series of polymeric and polymer based nanocomposite material systems are studied, including multilayered thin films of alternating layers of polymer and hard nanoparticles, un-annealed and fully annealed poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)-polyisoprene block copolymer thin films, and polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) doped PMMA thin films. The experimental results on these materials clearly demonstrate that this technique is sensitive enough to measure mechanical property differences in samples with only small compositional or structural changes. Since the data can be acquired in real time, or a single shot basis, the measurement is compatible with laser shock loading of the sample. This is demonstrated by preliminary experimental results.en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityby Gagan Saini.en_US
dc.format.extent95 p.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherMassachusetts Institute of Technologyen_US
dc.rightsM.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/7582
dc.subjectMaterials Science and Engineering.en_US
dc.titleTime-resolved spectroscopic characterization of ballistic impact events in polymer and nanocomposite materialsen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.description.degreeM.Eng.en_US
dc.contributor.departmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering.en_US
dc.identifier.oclc126888698en_US


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