GaN Nanopore Arrays: Fabrication and Characterization
Author(s)Wang, Yadong; Peng, Chen; Sander, Melissa; Chua, Soo-Jin; Fonstad, Clifton G. Jr.
GaN nanopore arrays with pore diameters of approximately 75 nm were fabricated by inductively coupled plasma etching (ICP) using anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) films as etch masks. Nanoporous AAO films were formed on the GaN surface by evaporating an Al film onto a GaN epilayer and subsequently anodizing the aluminum. To minimize plasma-induced damage, the template was exposed to CF4-based plasma conditions. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis shows that the diameter and the periodicity of the nanopores in the GaN were directly transferred from the original anodic alumina template. The pore diameter in the AAO film can be easily controlled by tuning the anodization conditions. Atomic force microscopy (AFM), photoluminescence (PL) and micro-Raman techniques were employed to assess the quality of the etched GaN nanopore surface. Such a cost-effective method to produce nano-patterned GaN template would be useful for growth and fabrication of III-Nitrides based nanostructures and photonic band gap materials.
Advanced Materials for Micro- and Nano-Systems (AMMNS);
GaN nanopore arrays, inductively coupled plasma etching, anodic aluminum oxide, pore diameter, nanostructures, photonic band gap materials