Environmental Occupational Health Protection Laws
Author(s)Ashford, Nicholas A.; Caldart, Charles
The manufacturing, processing, and use of chemicals and materials in industrial, workplaces are often accompanied by environmental, health, and safety hazards and risks. Occupational and environmental factors cause or exacerbate major diseases of the respiratory, cardiovascular, reproductive, and nervous system and cause systemic poisoning and some cancers and birth defects. Occupational and environmental disease and injury place heavy economic and social burdens on workers, employers, citizens, and taxpayers. Government intervention to address those issues largely takes the form of regulatory standards promulgated under the authority of federal legislation. This chapter addresses the major regulatory systems (or “regimes”) designed to protect public and worker health from chemicals discharged from sources that pollute the air, water, ground, and/or workplace in the United States. The European Union and other developed countries use similar approaches.
Encyclopedia of Public Health, Elsevier
Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, environmental health, environmental legislation, hazardous waste, occupational heath, occupational safety, Toxic Substances Control Act, worker health and safety, toxic substances, Safe Drinking Water Act, pollution, Occupational Safety and Health Act