Microprocessor energy characterization and optimization through fast, accurate, and flexible simulation
Author(s)Krashinsky, Ronny (Ronny Meir), 1978-
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
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Energy dissipation is emerging as a key constraint for both high-performance and embedded microprocessor designs, requiring computer architects to consider energy in addition to performance when evaluating design decisions. A major limitation is the general difficulty in analyzing the energy impact of architectural and microarchitectural features without constructing detailed implementations and running slow simulations. This thesis first describes the design of a fast, accurate, and flexible circuit simulation tool which enables transition-sensitive studies of microprocessor energy consumption that would otherwise be impossible or impractical. With a simulation infrastructure in place, various optimizations are implemented that target the entire datapath and cache energy consumption. The individual energy optimizations are analyzed in detail, and the microprocessor design is characterized using various energy breakdowns and studies of the bit correlation between data values. This work shows that a few relatively simple energy-saving techniques can have a large impact in the implementation of an energy-efficient microprocessor. By fully characterizing the energy usage, this thesis establishes a coherent vision of microprocessor energy consumption, and serves as a basis and motivation for further energy optimizations.
Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2001.This electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections.Includes bibliographical references (p. 99-102).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.