Comparison of three widely-used aerodynamic modifications that minimize the impact of wind loads on tall buildings
Author(s)Kwok, Raymond Hoi-Kit
Comparison of 3 widely-used aerodynamic modifications that minimize the impact of wind loads on tall buildings
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering.
Jerome J. Connor.
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For tall buildings, motion caused by wind is usually the most damaging to the lateral support system. As a result, engineers have invented many different methods to limit the motion of the buildings, for example dampers, bracings and outriggers etc. Aerodynamic modification, which is a passive approach, can also be used to reduce the impacts of wind loads. In this thesis, three widely-used aerodynamics modifications are discussed: 1) Shaping the corners of buildings, 2) Addition of openings through buildings and 3) Optimizing cross-sectional shapes of buildings. Comparison based on five criteria related to economy, sustainability, appearance, ease of construction and effectiveness in suppressing response of buildings caused by wind, is performed. With the help of a comparison matrix, it is shown that for a building located in downtown Boston, the method based on optimizing cross-sectional shapes is the best option.
Thesis (M. Eng.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 2007.Includes bibliographical references (leaves 59-60).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Civil and Environmental Engineering.