Now showing items 42-61 of 76

    • Knowing when to stop : the investigation of Flight 191 

      Vatz, Mara E., 1980- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2004)
      On May 25, 1979, an American Airlines DC-10 crashed just after taking off from Chicago's O'Hare Airport. It was the worst crash in U.S. history at the time, having killed all 271 people on board and two people on the ground. ...
    • Lessons from a rare disease 

      Dutchen, Stephanie Lynn (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2009)
      Progeria is a genetic aging disease of childhood affecting an estimated one in four to eight million births. Children with progeria experience a range of developmental disorders and aging-like symptoms, including wrinkled ...
    • Looking at ADHD : a personal exploration of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder 

      MacArthur, Karen, 1971- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2003)
    • Mass spec : the biography of a scientific instrument 

      Calmes, Jordan (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2011)
      Over the past century, the mass spectrometer has become commonplace in scientific fields ranging from chemistry to geology to environmental science. Its ability to identify compounds and determine concentrations of those ...
    • Metromorphosis : evolution on the urban island 

      Vezina, Kenrick (Kenrick Freitas) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2011)
      Cities are very much alive. Like islands, they provide a natural testing ground for evolution. With more than half of the world's population living in urban areas now, the influence cities have on the planet's life is ...
    • Mind over machine : what Deep Blue taught us about chess, artificial intelligence, and the human spirit 

      Hoekenga, Barbara Christine (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2007)
      On May 11th 1997, the world watched as IBM's chess-playing computer Deep Blue defeated world chess champion Garry Kasparov in a six-game match. The reverberations of that contest touched people, and computers, around the ...
    • Mold fever : how a bizarre life form penetrated popular consciousness and launched a creeping hysteria 

      Frazer, Jennifer Tucker, 1978- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2004)
      Molds are everywhere, lately: in our homes, newspapers, and courtrooms, and on our minds. In the past few years, mold has gone from a blip on the radar of public consciousness to a major force in home inspections, insurance, ...
    • Money for the big eyes 

      Shen, Fangfei, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2012)
      Since ancient civilization, humanity has kept its eyes on the heavens, and the invention of telescopes has only increased its scrutiny. As astronomers strive to see the universe with increasing clarity, telescopes have ...
    • Morning light : the secret history of the Tagish Lake Fireball 

      Berdahl, James Scott (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2010)
      [Spoiler alert:] On January 18, 2000, a meteoroid 4 meters in diameter hit the Earth's atmosphere and exploded over the Yukon Territory in northern Canada. The size of the fireball and the contrail that it left behind ...
    • The natural history of a lost sense 

      Steiner, Siri Lefren (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2005)
      This thesis is an investigation of the vomeronasal organ, which senses pheromones. It traces the use of the organ in land-dwelling vertebrates, and suggests evidence that the organ is vestigial in humans and Old World ...
    • Neutrino capital of the world 

      Johnson, Carolyn Y., 1980- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2004)
      Neutrinos are ubiquitous particles, but they don't like to mingle. Each second, billions of them pass through our bodies, slicing imperceptibly through our delicate internal organs. They can barrel through the sun, stars, ...
    • Nico's bubbles : the story of a whale, some crows, and the search for sentience 

      Bjoran, Kristina (Kristina Ashley) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2011)
      Humans have long been drawn to the study of nonhuman animal cognitive and emotional intelligence, but have long come up short. Cognitive scientists look for signs of a sense of self, the ability to solve problems, and the ...
    • Ocean fertilization : ecological cure or calamity 

      Ogilvie, Megan Jacqueline, 1979- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2004)
      The late John Martin demonstrated the paramount importance of iron for microscopic plant growth in large areas of the world's oceans. Iron, he hypothesized, was the nutrient that limited green life in seawater. Over twenty ...
    • The placenta's second life 

      Glausser, Anne O. (Anne O'Brien) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2009)
      This thesis, written for a popular audience, explores the many facets of the placenta, an organ that facilitates the growth of the fetus during pregnancy. It looks at what happens when the placenta dodges the hospital ...
    • Proof positive : finding the cause of AIDS 

      Rulison, Megan R. (Megan Rebecca) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2008)
      In 2008, it will have been 25 years since HIV was first isolated from a patient with AIDS. In the early 1980s, when the mysterious disease of the immune system spread across the globe, scientists began a race to find the ...
    • Reentry 

      Corley, Anne-Marie (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2009)
      "Reentry" most often evokes an image of the space shuttle flying through earth's atmosphere, glowing hot from friction, then landing on the runway and rolling to a halt. By then, the astronauts' job is finished. The hard ...
    • Rice : how the most genetically versatile grain conquered the World 

      Montenegro de Wit, Maywa, 1979- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2003)
    • Scroop, luster, and hand : the science and sensuality of silk 

      Boyce, Jennifer E. (Jennifer Elaine) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2005)
      For five thousand years, silk threads have woven through the fabric of human history. Since its accidental discovery in China all that time ago, silk has played roles, major or minor, in many cultures. In both the East and ...
    • Searching for life where the sun don't shine : explorations to the seafloors of Earth and Europa 

      Fitzpatrick, Garret R (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2012)
      Hydrothermal vents on Earth's seafloor host entire ecosystems that live off energy from chemosynthesis rather than photosynthesis. This energy process uses chemical reactions between metals and hot gases from inside Earth's ...
    • Secrets of the MIT mystery hunt : an exploration of the theory underlying the construction of a multi-puzzle contest 

      Gottlieb, Mark Louis, 1974- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1998)
      This is an exploration of the rules and guidelines that underlie the structure of a multi-puzzle contest (a competition consisting of one large puzzle made up of a number of smaller constituent puzzles). The MIT Mystery ...