Sustainable water resources development in Kuwait : an integrated approach with comparative analysis of the case of Singapore
Author(s)Nazerali, Nasruddin A
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering.
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This thesis assesses the water resource status of Kuwait and Singapore, both countries considered as water scarce. The institutional aspect of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) efforts in both countries is closely examined at international, regional, national and administrative levels. Aspects of the institutional framework which have contributed to the successful water management scenario in Singapore are identified in order to draw lessons for the case of Kuwait. Although complete emulation of the national and administrative bodies of Singapore may not be justified, specific activities, methodologies and structures are recommended for the institutional capacity building of Kuwaiti water management. Artificial surface aquifers are proposed as a suitable solution for enhancement of water storage capacity in Kuwait, one of the main aspects of sustainable water resources development for the country. The drainage depressions of Rawdhatain and Umm Al-Ahish, locations of water and oil resource development and the surrounding area are assessed for suitable sites. Impacts on the land use, land cover and natural drainage pattern are assessed. A specific design is recommended for the artificial surface aquifers and the storage capacity is computed.(cont.) Storage of up to 70% of the 2010 projected water budget is found to be possible. However, a similar analysis using a digital elevation map with better spatial resolution and extensive site surveys on the ground should precede further feasibility studies in order to decrease the margin of error on the computed water storage capacities.
Thesis (M. Eng.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 2007.Includes bibliographical references (leaves 52-55).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Civil and Environmental Engineering.