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dc.contributor.advisorPeter Shanahan.en_US
dc.contributor.authorZoghbi, Christiane A. (Christiane Antoine)en_US
dc.contributor.otherMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering.en_US
dc.coverage.spatialf-rw---en_US
dc.date.accessioned2007-10-22T17:28:56Z
dc.date.available2007-10-22T17:28:56Z
dc.date.copyright2007en_US
dc.date.issued2007en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/39272
dc.descriptionThesis (M. Eng.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 2007.en_US
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references (leaves 81-83).en_US
dc.description.abstractWater scarcity is a major issue faced by both developed and developing countries. According to the Millennium Development Goals set by the United Nations, the number of people that do not have access to an improved water supply should be halved by the year 2015. Rwanda is a Sub-Saharan developing country where water scarcity is an issue. This thesis presents results from a preliminary evaluation of possible groundwater supply to the village of Bisate, located in the Northern Province of Rwanda. Suffering from the "walk for water", the Bisate community has to give up vital activities such as school and agriculture in order to fetch water. During the dry season, the people are obliged to go into the Volcanoes National Park to get water from springs and swamps, disrupting the fragile ecosystem by the human activity. All these factors make it important to provide water at the point of use. Since the region receives a considerable amount of rain and the groundwater recharge rate is high (0.3 m/year), groundwater supply could be a feasible alternative for the Bisate community. For this thesis, three major tasks were achieved.en_US
dc.description.abstract(cont.) First, a description of the park's hydrogeology was developed based on previous studies and field observations. Second, a calculation of the groundwater recharge using the Water Balance Method was completed. And finally, a groundwater model was built using MODFLOW software. The aim of the model is to estimate the depth to the water table. The model results have shown that the water table could be as deep as 750 meters below the ground surface of quite shallow depending on the model assumptions. According to four trials, each with different boundary conditions and internal properties of the medium, the results were found to depend upon the assumed hydraulic conductivity and the boundary conditions. The strongest conclusion is that field investigations of the groundwater system are needed to determine actual aquifer properties and field conditions.en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityby Christiane A. Zoghbi.en_US
dc.format.extent92 leavesen_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherMassachusetts Institute of Technologyen_US
dc.rightsM.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/7582
dc.subjectCivil and Environmental Engineering.en_US
dc.titleRural groundwater supply for the Volcanoes National Park region, Rwandaen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.description.degreeM.Eng.en_US
dc.contributor.departmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering.en_US
dc.identifier.oclc170932759en_US


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