Magnetophoresis of Nonmagnetic, Submicrometer Particles in Magnetic Fluids
Author(s)Gonzalez, Lino; Fateen, Seif; Smith, Kenneth A.; Hatton, T. Alan
We studied the migration of nonmagnetic, submicrometer polystyrene beads submerged in a magnetic fluid in the presence of nonuniform magnetic fields as a potential method for size-based separation of submicrometer, nonmagnetic species. Since the polystyrene beads are much larger than the magnetic fluid nanoparticles, the magnetic fluid was treated as a one-component continuum with respect to the beads. We found that the polystyrene beads will migrate in the direction of decreasing magnetic fields and will focus over a region where the magnetic field or its gradient vanishes, as predicted by our model. The concentration profiles predicted by our model, which has no adjustable or fitted parameters, agree reasonably well with the experimental data both qualitatively and quantitatively.
Molecular Engineering of Biological and Chemical Systems (MEBCS);
nonmagnetic, submicrometer particles, magnetophoresis, size-based separation