Length Effects on the Reliability of Dual-Damascene Cu Interconnects
Author(s)Wei, F.; Hau-Riege, S.P.; Gan, C.L.; Thompson, Carl V.; Clement, J.J.; Tay, H.L.; Yu, B.; Radhakrishnan, M.K.; Pey, Kin Leong; Choi, Wee Kiong; ... Show more Show less
The effects of interconnect length on the reliability of dual-damascene Cu metallization have been investigated. As in Al-based interconnects, the lifetimes of Cu lines increase with decreasing length. However, unlike Al-based interconnects, no critical length exists, below which all Cu lines are âimmortal’. Furthermore, we found multi-modal failure statistics for long lines, suggesting multiple failure mechanisms. Some long Cu interconnect segments have very large lifetimes, whereas in Al segments, lifetimes decrease continuously with increasing line length. It is postulated that the large lifetimes observed in long Cu lines result from liner rupture at the bottom of the vias, which allows continuous flow of Cu between the two bond pads. As a consequence, the average lifetimes of short lines and long lines can be higher than those of lines with intermediate lengths.
Advanced Materials for Micro- and Nano-Systems (AMMNS);
interconnects, reliability, length effects