The roll of integrins in hematopoiesis
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Biological Engineering Division.
Linda G. Griffith.
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Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) hold great promise for the treatment of disease. The rare frequency at which HSCs occur in the bone marrow under homeostatic conditions is a limiting factor in both their study and clinical use. ex vivo expansion of these cells is therefore a necessary step to maximizing their potential. In this thesis I explore the concept that signals from the extracellular matrix can direct differentiation, survival and self-renewal decisions in hematopoietic cells, and thus can provide a foundation for the design of ex vivo expansion strategies. This work is focused on the role integrins, the major class of cell-extracellular matrix adhesion molecules, play in mediating these signals to hematopoietic cells at two developmental stages. In the erythroid lineage, I show that expansion of committed erythroid progenitors is regulated by growth factor and integrin-mediated signals in temporally distinct regimes. I establish a biologically relevant role for [alpha]401 but not [alpha]501 integrins in erythropoiesis and provide evidence that erythroid differentiation and expansion are regulated by separate processes.(cont.) In the study of uncommitted HSCs, I identify several integrin subunits that are differentially expressed on highly purified HSC populations that correlate with long term repopulating ability. One of these subunits, [alpha]2 integrin, specifically mediates adhesion of HSCs to bone marrow extracellular matrix proteins, thereby providing a potential mechanism for stem cell self-renewal. This work establishes that integrin-mediated interactions between hematopoietic cells and the extracellular matrix are dynamic and provide important developmental cues.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Biological Engineering Division, 2007.Includes bibliographical references (p. 113-123).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Biological Engineering Division.; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Biological Engineering
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Biological Engineering Division.