Micro-forging technique for rapid, low-cost manufacture of lens array molds and its application in a biomedical instrument
Author(s)Saez, Miguel Angel
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering.
Ian W. Hunter.
MetadataShow full item record
Interest in micro-optical components for applications ranging from telecommunications to the life sciences has driven the need for accessible, low-cost fabrication techniques. Most micro-lens fabrication processes are unsuitable for applications requiring 100% fill factor, apertures around 1 mm, and scalability to large areas with millions of lenses. A flexible, low-cost mold fabrication technique that utilizes a combination of milling and micro-forging is reported. The technique involves first performing a rough cut with a ball-end mill. Final shape and sag height are then achieved by pressing a sphere of equal diameter into the milled divot. Using this process, molds were fabricated for rectangular arrays of 1-10,000 lenses with apertures of 0.25-1.6 mm, sag heights of 3-130 [mu]m, inter-lens spacings of 0.25-2 mm, and fill factors of 0-100%. Mold profiles have roughness and figure error of 68 nm and 354 nm, respectively, for 100% fill factor, 1 mm aperture square lenses. The required forging force was modeled as a modified open-die forging process and experimentally verified to increase nearly linearly with surface area.(cont.) The optical performance of lens arrays injection molded from micro-forged molds was characterized by imaging the point spread function, and was found to be in the range of theoretical values. Limitations include milling machine range and accuracy. Application to biological fluorescence detection in a biomedical device is also reported.
Thesis (S.B.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, 2007.Includes bibliographical references (leaves 46-48).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering.; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering
Massachusetts Institute of Technology