Phase-Sensitive Light: Coherence Theory and Applications to Optical Imaging
Author(s)Erkmen, Baris I.
Spontaneous parametric downconversion (SPDC) can produce pairs of entangled photons, i.e., a stream of biphotons. SPDC has been utilized in a number of optical imaging applications, such as optical coherence tomography, ghost imaging, holography and lithography, to obtain performance that cannot be realized with standard optical sources. However, a debate continues as to whether the improved imaging characteristics of such systems should be attributed to the entanglement property of the photon pairs. This thesis sets out to unify— and generalize—classical and quantum imaging within the framework of Gaussian-state light fields, which encompasses thermal light—the source used in conventional imagers— and biphoton-state light as special instances. Within this framework, we are able to provide a complete understanding of the boundary between classical and quantum behavior in optical coherence tomography (OCT), ghost imaging and two-photon imaging. Furthermore, we show that almost all characteristics of biphoton-state imagers are due to phase-sensitive cross correlations, and hence are obtainable with classical phase-sensitive sources.
Thesis Supervisor: Jeffrey H. Shapiro Title: Julius A. Stratton Professor
Technical Report (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Research Laboratory of Electronics);#722