Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisorKlavs F. Jensen, Moungi G. Bawendi and Bernhardt L. Trout.en_US
dc.contributor.authorRempel, Jane Yevgeniyaen_US
dc.contributor.otherMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Chemical Engineering.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2008-09-02T17:59:20Z
dc.date.available2008-09-02T17:59:20Z
dc.date.copyright2008en_US
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/42075
dc.descriptionThesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, 2008.en_US
dc.descriptionThis electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections.en_US
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references (p. 195-202).en_US
dc.description.abstractOver the past decade the synthesis of colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals of diverse shapes and sizes has sparked tremendous interest in both the industrial and scientific communities. Much of the work thus far has been done by extensive trial-and-error optimization of the chemistry to produce the desired nanocrystalline product. However, despite a tremendous effort in developing adaptable chemistries, the underlying mechanisms leading to nucleation and crystal growth in these systems are still not well understood. This thesis aims to address this challenge by utilizing first principles calculations and mathematical modeling to study the formation of cadmium selenide nanocrystals, the most frequently studied and best characterized nanocrystal system. In the first part of this thesis we investigate the elementary reaction steps that occur in the organic medium during early stages of particle nucleation. In particular, using density functional theory calculations, we probe the mechanism of formation of active growth species and small molecular clusters. We further explore the effect of ligand stabilization on cluster formation. In the second part, we explore reactions occurring on various surfaces of CdSe at later stages of crystal growth using periodic density functional theory calculations. Homoepitaxy and heteroepitaxy reactions on several relaxed and reconstructed wurtzite CdSe surfaces are investigated. Furthermore, the effect of ligand binding on crystal growth is examined using several model ligands. We show that ligands exhibit a range of affinities and selectivities for different facets of CdSe. We relate our findings to experimental observations, in particular, nanocrystal morphology and shape anisotropy. Finally, utilizing experimental and computational insights, we develop a mathematical model that explains both nucleation and growth in the formation of nanocrystals.en_US
dc.description.abstract(cont.) Cluster formation is modeled using a population balance approach combining discrete and continuous Fokker-Planck rate equations for small and large-sized clusters, respectively. The model explores the relative importance of factors such as temperature, additives, and reaction versus diffusion control on the formation of nanocrystals.en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityby Jane Yevgeniya Rempel.en_US
dc.format.extent202 p.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherMassachusetts Institute of Technologyen_US
dc.rightsM.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/7582en_US
dc.subjectChemical Engineering.en_US
dc.titleInsights into formation of semiconductor nanocrystals : from first principles calculations to kinetic models of nucleation and growthen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.description.degreePh.D.en_US
dc.contributor.departmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Chemical Engineering.en_US
dc.identifier.oclc239085686en_US


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record