Analysis and detection of driver fatigue caused by sleep deprivation
Author(s)Yang, Ji Hyun, 1978-
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
Eric Feron and Joseph Coughlin.
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Human errors in attention and vigilance are among the most common causes of transportation accidents. Thus, effective countermeasures are crucial for enhancing road safety. By pursuing a practical and reliable design of an Active Safety system which aims to predict and avoid road accidents, we identify the characteristics of drowsy driving and devise a systematic way to infer the state of driver alertness based on driver-vehicle data. Although sleep and fatigue are major causes of impaired driving, neither effective regulations nor acceptable countermeasures are available yet. The first part of this thesis analyzes driver-vehicle systems with discrete sleep-deprivation levels, and reveals differences in the performance characteristics of drivers. Inspired by the human sleep-wake cycle mechanism and attributes of driver-vehicle systems, we design and perform human-in-the-loop experiments in a test bed built with STISIM Drive, an interactive fixed-based driving simulator. In the simulated driving, participants were given various driving tasks and secondary tasks for both non and partially sleep-deprived conditions. This experiment demonstrates that sleep deprivation has a greater effect on rule-based tasks than on skill-based tasks; when drivers are sleep-deprived, their performance of responding to unexpected disturbances degrades while they are robust enough to continue such routine driving tasks as straight lane tracking, following a lead vehicle, lane changes, etc. In the second part of the thesis we present both qualitative and quantitative guidelines for designing drowsy driver detection systems in a probabilistic framework based on the Bayesian network paradigm and experimental data.(cont.) We consider two major causes of sleep, i.e., sleep debt and circadian rhythm, in the framework with various driver-vehicle parameters, and also address temporal aspects of drowsiness and individual differences of subjects. The thesis concludes that detection of drowsy driving based on driver-vehicle data is a feasible but difficult problem which has diverse issues to be addressed; the ultimate challenge lies in the human operator.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2007.Includes bibliographical references (leaves 167-181).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Aeronautics and Astronautics.