Design and synthesis of nanocrystal heterostructures for optoelectronic applications
Author(s)Halpert, Jonathan E
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Chemistry.
Moungi G. Bawendi.
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Colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals can be used for a variety of optoelectronic applications including light emitting devices (LEDs) and photovoltaics. Their narrow emission spectra make them excellent fluorophors for use in red, green and blue emitting organic LEDs and have been shown to achieve external quantum efficiencies as high as 2.7%, 1.8% and 0.4% respectively. Better synthetic methods have produced nanocrystal emitters with higher quantum yield, boosting efficiency, while a better understanding of QD-OLED function has led to improved organic transport materials. These QD-OLED devices can also be redesigned using inorganic hole and electron transport materials to produce inorganic QD-LEDs (QD-ILEDs) with EQE as high as 0.1%. Inorganic transport layers are more robust to solvents and oxygen, and are expected to greatly increase the device lifetime of QD-LEDs over devices employing organic materials. New QD deposition techniques using an inorganic hole transport layer include inkjet printing and Langmuir-Shaeffer dip-coating. Greater synthetic control of the II-VI nanocrystals has also yielded type-II CdSe/CdTe nanobarbells capable of internal exciton separation for photovoltaic applications. Although efficient solar cells using this material could not be produced, the material has given us several insights into the physics and future designs of bulk heterojunction photovoltaic devices. Finally, nanocrystal heterostructures formed using J-aggregate dyes electrostatically bound to QDs, have shown potential for use in LCD or lasing device applications.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Chemistry, 2008.Vita.Includes bibliographical references.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Chemistry.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology