Analysis of required supporting systems for the supercritical CO₂ power conversion system
Author(s)Freas, Rosemary M
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Nuclear Science and Engineering.
Michael J. Driscoll.
MetadataShow full item record
Recently, attention has been drawn to the viability of using S-CO₂ as a working fluid in modem reactor designs. Near the critical point, CO₂ has a rapid rise in density allowing a significant reduction in the compressor work of a closed Brayton Cycle. Therefore > 45% efficiency can be achieved at much more moderate temperatures than is optimal for the helium Brayton cycles. An additional benefit of the S-CO₂ system is its universal applicability as an indirect secondary Power Conversion System (PCS) coupled to most GEN-IV concept reactors, as well as fusion reactors. The United States DOE's GNEP is now focusing on the liquid Na cooled primary as an alternative to conventional Rankine steam cycles. This primary would also benefit from being coupled to an S-CO₂ PCS. Despite current progress on designing the S-CO₂ PCS, little work has focused on the principal supporting systems required. Many of the required auxiliary systems are similar to those used in other nuclear or fossil-fired units; others have specialized requirements when CO₂ is used as the working fluid, and are therefore given attention in this thesis. Auxiliary systems analyzed within this thesis are restricted to those specific to using CO₂ as the working fluid. Particular systems discussed include Coolant Make-up and Storage, Coolant Purification, and Coolant Leak Detection. Concepts discussed include: potential forms of coolant storage, including cryogenic and high pressure gas, with some "back of the envelope" methods which can be used for estimating the coolant transferred; possible coolant contaminants and their sources; options for the procurement of the CO₂ from potential distributors, including available purities and estimated cost; the purity of CO₂ for the S-CO₂ system and purification methods; various methods of coolant leak detection using both insitu analyzers and portable devices for maintenance personnel, and instrumentation for the monitoring of compartmental CO₂ and CO concentrations to meet OSHA standards.(cont.) A conceptual design is presented for coolant storage. Systems are discussed in terms of basic functionality, system requirements, desired features, basic safety and design concerns, and identification of issues to be resolved by future research.
Thesis (S.M. and Nucl. E.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Nuclear Science and Engineering, 2007."September 2007."Includes bibliographical references (p. 91-94).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Nuclear Science and Engineering.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Nuclear Science and Engineering.