Agent problem solving by inductive and deductive program synthesis
Author(s)Fox, Harold, 1979-
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Howard E. Shrobe.
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How do people learn abstract concepts unsupervised? Psychologists broadly recognize two types of concepts, declarative knowledge and procedural knowledge: know-what and know-how. While much work has focused on unsupervised learning of declarative concepts as clusters of features, there is much less clarity on the representation for procedural concepts and the methods for learning them. In this thesis, I claim that programs are a good representation for procedural knowledge, and that program synthesis is a promising mechanism for procedural learning. Prior attempts at AI program synthesis have taken a purely deductive approach to building provably corrent programs. This approach requires many axioms and non-trivial interaction with a human programmer. In contrast, this thesis introduces a new approach called SSGP (Sample Solve Generalize Prove), which combines inductive and deductive synthesis to autonomously synthesize programs with no extra knowledge outside of the program specification. The approach is to generate examples, solve the examples, generalize from the solutions, and then prove the generalization correct.This thesis presents two systems, Spec2Action and HELPS. Given a logical specification, Spec2Action determines the relations to change to perform simple operations on data structures. The main part of its task is to uncover the recursive structure of the domain from the purely logical input spec. HELPS generates sequential programs with loops and branches using STRIPS actions as the primitive statements. It solves generalizations of classic AI tasks like BlocksWorld. The two systems use SAT solving and other grounded reasoning techniques to solve the examples and generalize the solutions. To prove the abstracted hypotheses, the systems use a novel theorem prover for doing recursive proofs without an explicit induction axiom.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2008.Includes bibliographical references (p. 203-206).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.