Optimal self assembly of modular manipulators with active and passive modules
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
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In this thesis, we describe algorithms to build self-assembling robot systems composed of active modular robots and passive bars. The robotic module is the Shady3D robot and the passive component is a rigid bar with embedded IR LEDs. We propose algorithms that demonstrate the cooperative aggregation of modular robotic manipulators with greater capability and workspace out of these two types of elements. The distributed algorithms are based on locally optimal matching. We demonstrate how to build an active structure by the cooperative aggregation and disassembly of modular robotic manipulators. A target structure is modeled as a dynamic graph. We prove that the same optimality - quadratic competitive ratio - as for the static graph can be achieved for the algorithms. We demonstrate how this algorithm can be used to build truss-like structures. We present results from physical experiments in which two 3DOF Shady3D robots and one rigid bar coordinate to self-assemble into a 6DOF manipulator. We then demonstrate cooperative algorithms for forward and inverse kinematics, grasping, and mobility with this arm.
Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2009.Includes bibliographical references (p. 89-92).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.