Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title
Now showing items 2662726646 of 37101

Q&A: Expansion microscopy
(Biomed Central Ltd, 201706)Expansion microscopy (ExM) is a recently invented technology that uses swellable charged polymers, synthesized densely and with appropriate topology throughout a preserved biological specimen, to physically magnify the ... 
A (q)analogue of weight multiplicities
We prove a conjecture in [L11] stating that certain polynomials PY(sigma),(w)(q) introduced in [LV11] for twisted involutions in an affine Weyl group give ( q)analogues of weight multiplicities of the Langlands dual ... 
The qAGT–W Relations Via Shuffle Algebras
(Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 20180221)We construct the action of the qdeformed Walgebra on its level r representation geometrically, using the moduli space of U(r) instantons on the plane and the double shuffle algebra. We give an explicit LDU decomposition ... 
QLearning and Enhanced Policy Iteration in Discounted Dynamic Programming
(Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS), 201202)We consider the classical finitestate discounted Markovian decision problem, and we introduce a new policy iterationlike algorithm for finding the optimal state costs or Qfactors. The main difference is in the policy ... 
Qlearning and policy iteration algorithms for stochastic shortest path problems
(SpringerVerlag, 201204)We consider the stochastic shortest path problem, a classical finitestate Markovian decision problem with a termination state, and we propose new convergent Qlearning algorithms that combine elements of policy iteration ... 
Qparticles and the nature of covert movement: Evidence from Bùlì
(Ubiquity Press, Ltd., 20190823)There are a number of intriguing issues surrounding whquestions that have drawn considerable attention in the literature. Among the most commonly observed is the fact that in certain languages, whphrases move overtly ... 
The qPushASEP: A New Integrable Model for Traffic in 1+1 Dimension
(SpringerVerlag, 201502)We introduce a new interacting (stochastic) particle system qPushASEP which interpolates between the q [italicized q]TASEP of Borodin and Corwin (Probab Theory Relat Fields 158(1–2):225–400, 2014; see also Borodin et ... 
The Q[superscript p][subscript Weak] experiment
(SpringerVerlag, 201302)In May 2012, the Q[superscript p][subscript Weak] collaboration completed a two year measurement program to determine the weak charge of the proton Q[superscript p][subscript Weak] = ( 1  4sin [superscript 2] θ[subscript ... 
QCD axion window and lowscale inflation
(American Physical Society, 201807)We show that the upper bound of the classical QCD axion window can be significantly relaxed for lowscale inflation. If the GibbonsHawking temperature during inflation is lower than the QCD scale, the initial QCD axion ... 
QCD inequalities for hadron interactions
(American Physical Society, 201506)We derive generalizations of the WeingartenWitten QCD mass inequalities for particular multihadron systems. For systems of any number of identical pseudoscalar mesons of maximal isospin, these inequalities prove that near ... 
QCD PRECISION MEASUREMENTS AND STRUCTURE FUNCTION EXTRACTION AT A HIGH STATISTICS, HIGH ENERGY NEUTRINO SCATTERING EXPERIMENT: NuSOnG
(World Scientific, 201001)We extend the physics case for a new highenergy, ultrahigh statistics neutrino scattering experiment, NuSOnG (Neutrino Scattering On Glass) to address a variety of issues including precision QCD measurements, extraction ... 
QED radiative corrections to lowenergy Møller and Bhabha scattering
(American Physical Society, 201608)We present a treatment of the nexttoleadingorder radiative corrections to unpolarized Møller and Bhabha scattering without resorting to ultrarelativistic approximations. We extend existing softphoton radiative corrections ... 
qFibrosis: A fullyquantitative innovative method incorporating histological features to facilitate accurate fibrosis scoring in animal model and chronic hepatitis B patients
(Elsevier, 201402)Background & Aims: There is increasing need for accurate assessment of liver fibrosis/cirrhosis. We aimed to develop qFibrosis, a fullyautomated assessment method combining quantification of histopathological architectural ... 
QLEDs for displays and solidstate lighting
(Cambridge University Press (Materials Research Society), 201309)The mainstream commercialization of colloidal quantum dots (QDs) for lightemitting applications has begun: Sony televisions emitting QDenhanced colors are now on sale. The bright and uniquely sizetunable colors of ... 
QnAs with Susan L. Lindquist
(National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 201111)Prions defy molecular biology’s central dogma. Misfolded proteins that selfperpetuate, prions were first isolated in the early 1980s as the cause of a fatal sheep disease called scrapie. Since then, prions have been ... 
qSR: a quantitative superresolution analysis tool reveals the cellcycle dependent organization of RNA Polymerase I in live human cells
(Nature Publishing Group, 201805)We present qSR, an analytical tool for the quantitative analysis of single molecule based superresolution data. The software is created as an opensource platform integrating multiple algorithms for rigorous spatial and ... 
QTY codedesigned watersoluble Fcfusion cytokine receptors bind to their respective ligands
(202004)Cytokine release syndrome (CRS), or "cytokine storm," is the leading side effect during CART therapy that is potentially lifethreatening. It also plays a critical role in viral infections such as COVID19. Therefore, ... 
A Quadratic RegulatorBased Heuristic for Rapidly Exploring State Space
(Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 201007)Kinodynamic planning algorithms like RapidlyExploring Randomized Trees (RRTs) hold the promise of finding feasible trajectories for rich dynamical systems with complex, nonconvex constraints. In practice, these algorithms ... 
Quadratic stability of nonlinear systems modeled with norm bounded linear differential inclusions
(Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, 202008)In this article we present an ordinary differential equation based technique to study the quadratic stability of nonlinear dynamical systems. The nonlinear dynamical systems are modeled with norm bounded linear differential ... 
Quadristability of a spatially ambiguous auditory illusion
(Frontiers Research Foundation, 201501)In addition to vision, audition plays an important role in sound localization in our world. One way we estimate the motion of an auditory object moving towards or away from us is from changes in volume intensity. However, ...