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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Lohmeyer, Whitney Quinne; Dwyer, Morgan; Gettliffe, Gwendolyn Vines; Marinan, Anne D.; Stockham, Erik; Weigel, Annalisa L.; Cahoy, Kerri; Alibay, Farah (International Astronautical Federation, 2012-10)
    Under the United States Arms Export Control Act, the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) control the export of technologies that are specified as defense articles on the United States Munitions List (USML). ...
  • Mazlish, Bruce (Berkeley Electronic Press, 2009-11)
    Globalism and globalization have been seen as competitors to other allegiances, namely regionalism and nationalism. A look at recent efforts at reconceptualizing global history in China, Korea and the U.S., however, suggests ...
  • Asada, Keiichi; Nakamura, Masanori; Hada, Kazuhiro; Nagai, Hiroshi; Lonsdale, Colin J.; Fish, Vincent; Akiyama, Kazunori; Fish, Vincent L.; Lonsdale, Colin John (MDPI AG, 2018-01)
    A key question in the formation of the relativistic jets in active galactic nuclei (AGNs) is the collimation process of their energetic plasma flow launched from the central supermassive black hole (SMBH). Recent observations ...
  • Koldewyn, Kami; Jiang, Yuhong V.; Weigelt, Sarah; Kanwisher, Nancy (Springer-Verlag, 2013-02)
    It is widely suggested that ASD is characterized by atypical local/global processing, but the published findings are contradictory. In an effort to resolve this question, we tested a large group of children on both a ...
  • Gurbuzbalaban, Mert; Ozdaglar, Asuman E.; Parrilo, Pablo A. (Springer-Verlag, 2015-04)
    Motivated by machine learning problems over large data sets and distributed optimization over networks, we develop and analyze a new method called incremental Newton method for minimizing the sum of a large number of ...
  • Prinn, Ronald G (Copernicus GmbH, 2016-12)
    The global methane (CH[subscript 4]) budget is becoming an increasingly important component for managing realistic pathways to mitigate climate change. This relevance, due to a shorter atmospheric lifetime and a stronger ...
  • Chen, Sidi; Xue, Yuan; Wu, Xuebing; Le, Cong; Bhutkar, Arjun (AJ); Bell, Eric L.; Zhang, Feng; Langer, Robert; Sharp, Phillip A.; Wu, Xuebing (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2014-05)
    MicroRNAs delicately regulate the balance of angiogenesis. Here we show that depletion of all microRNAs suppresses tumor angiogenesis. We generated microRNA-deficient tumors by knocking out Dicer1. These tumors are highly ...
  • Chen, Harr; Branavan, Satchuthanan R.; Barzilay, Regina; Karger, David R. (Association for Computational Linguistics, 2009-06)
    We present a novel Bayesian topic model for learning discourse-level document structure. Our model leverages insights from discourse theory to constrain latent topic assignments in a way that reflects the underlying ...
  • Britter, Rex E.; Waitz, Ian A.; Barrett, Steven R. H. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2010-10)
    Aircraft emissions impact human health though degradation of air quality. The majority of previous analyses of air quality impacts from aviation have considered only landing and takeoff emissions. We show that aircraft ...
  • Henderson, Barron H.; Safieddine, Sarah; Heald, Colette L. (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2017-04)
    The cycling of reactive organic carbon (ROC) is central to tropospheric chemistry. We characterize the global tropospheric ROC budget as simulated with the GEOS-Chem model. We expand the standard simulation by including ...
  • Poliannikov, Oleg V.; Zhizhina, Elena; Krim, Hamid (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-12)
    In this paper, we study a diffusion stochastic dynamics with a general diffusion coefficient. The main result is that adapting the diffusion coefficient to the Hamiltonian allows to escape local wide minima and to speed ...
  • Wechsung, Achim; Barton, Paul I. (Springer US, 2013-03)
    A deterministic global optimization method is developed for a class of discontinuous functions. McCormick’s method to obtain relaxations of nonconvex functions is extended to discontinuous factorable functions by representing ...
  • Mitsos, Alexander; Tsoukalas, Angelos (Springer US, 2014-01)
    The algorithm proposed in Mitsos (Optimization 60(10–11):1291–1308, 2011) for the global optimization of semi-infinite programs is extended to the global optimization of generalized semi-infinite programs. No convexity or ...
  • Ghebrebrhan, Michael; Bermel, Peter A.; Joannopoulos, John D.; Johnson, Steven G.; Avniel, Yehuda B. (Optical Society of America, 2009-04)
    The front-coating (FC) of a solar cell controls its efficiency, determining admission of light into the absorbing material and potentially trapping light to enhance thin absorbers. Single-layer FC designs are well known, ...
  • Surussavadee, Chinnawat; Staelin, David H. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-07)
    This paper presents and evaluates a global precipitation retrieval algorithm for the Special Sensor Microwave Imager/Sounder (SSMIS). It is based on those developed earlier for the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) ...
  • Surussavadee, Chinnawat; Staelin, David H. (American Meteorological Society, 2010-01)
    A surface-precipitation-rate retrieval algorithm for 13-channel Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) millimeter-wave spectral observations from 23 to 191 GHz is described. It was trained using cloud-resolving fifth-generation ...
  • Wang, Jing, 1950- (Sage Publications, 2004-03)
    This article raises the question of ‘creativeindustries’ as a travelling discourse and examines its relevance to mainland China in the wake of its accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO). How do we construct a ...
  • The 1000 Genomes Project Consortium; Gabriel, Stacey; Lander, Eric Steven; Daly, Mark J; Banks, Eric; Bhatia, Gaurav; Kashin, Seva; McCarroll, Steven A; Nemesh, James; Poplin, Ryan E.; Sabeti, Pardis; Shlyakhter, Ilya; Schaffner, Stephen F; Vitti, Joseph; Gymrek, Melissa A; Hartler, Christina M.; Tariyal, Ridhi (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-10)
    The 1000 Genomes Project set out to provide a comprehensive description of common human genetic variation by applying whole-genome sequencing to a diverse set of individuals from multiple populations. Here we report ...
  • Bland, Christopher S.; Wang, Eric T.; Vu, Anthony; David, Marjorie P.; Castle, John C.; Johnson, Jason M.; Burge, Christopher B.; Cooper, Thomas A. (Oxford University Press, 2010-07)
    Recent genome-wide analyses have elucidated the extent of alternative splicing (AS) in mammals, often focusing on comparisons of splice isoforms between differentiated tissues. However, regulated splicing changes are likely ...
  • Vallina, S. M.; Montoya, J. M.; Cermeno, P.; Loreau, M.; Follows, Michael J.; Dutkiewicz, Stephanie (Nature Publishing Group, 2014-07)
    The shape of the productivity–diversity relationship (PDR) for marine phytoplankton has been suggested to be unimodal, that is, diversity peaking at intermediate levels of productivity. However, there are few observations ...
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