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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Yuk, Hyunwoo; Lin, Shaoting; Ma, Chu; Takaffoli, Mahdi; Fang, Xuanlai; Zhao, Xuanhe (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-02)
    Sea animals such as leptocephali develop tissues and organs composed of active transparent hydrogels to achieve agile motions and natural camouflage in water. Hydrogel-based actuators that can imitate the capabilities of ...
  • Sungar, N.; Tambasco, Lucas; Pucci, Giuseppe; Saenz Hervias, Pedro Javier; Bush, John W. M. (American Physical Society, 2017-10)
    We present the results of an experimental study of the standing waves produced on the surface of a vertically shaken fluid bath just above the Faraday threshold, when a row of equally spaced pillars protrudes from the ...
  • Heidenreich, Sebastian; Klapp, Sabine H. L.; Bär, Markus; Dunkel, Joern (American Physical Society, 2016-08)
    A universal characteristic of mesoscale turbulence in active suspensions is the emergence of a typical vortex length scale, distinctly different from the scale invariance of turbulent high-Reynolds number flows. Collective ...
  • Lee, Sangyeop; Broido, David; Esfarjani, Keivan; Chen, Gang (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-02)
    Recent studies of thermal transport in nanomaterials have demonstrated the breakdown of Fourier’s law through observations of ballistic transport. Despite its unique features, another instance of the breakdown of Fourier’s ...
  • Bouffanais, Roland; Yue, Dick K. P. (American Physical Society, 2010-04)
    Mechanotactic cell motility has recently been shown to be a key player in the initial aggregation of crawling cells such as leukocytes and amoebae. The effects of mechanotactic signaling in the early aggregation of amoeboid ...
  • Nepf, Heidi (Taylor & Francis/International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research, 2012-06)
    This paper highlights some recent trends in vegetation hydrodynamics, focusing on conditions within channels and spanning spatial scales from individual blades, to canopies or vegetation patches, to the channel reach. At ...
  • Bush, John W. M.; Hu, David L. (Cambridge University Press, 2010-02)
    We present the results of a combined experimental and theoretical investigation of the dynamics of water-walking insects and spiders. Using high-speed videography, we describe their numerous gaits, some analogous to those ...
  • Stephanov, M.; Yin, Yi (American Physical Society, 2018-08)
    The search for the QCD critical point in heavy-ion collision experiments requires dynamical simulations of the bulk evolution of QCD matter as well as of fluctuations. We consider two essential ingredients of such a ...
  • Hill, W. Adam; Le Goff, Gaelle; Srinivas, Rathi L.; Doyle, Patrick S (Elsevier BV, 2015-02)
    Due to their hydrophilic, biocompatible, and highly tunable nature, hydrogel materials have attracted strong interest in the recent years for numerous biotechnological applications. In particular, their solution-like ...
  • Helgeson, Matthew E.; Chapin, Stephen C.; Doyle, Patrick S. (Elsevier, 2011-01)
    In recent years, there has been a surge in methods to synthesize geometrically and chemically complex microparticles. Analogous to atoms, the concept of a “periodic table” of particles has emerged and continues to be ...
  • Unterman, Shimon A.; Charles, Lyndon Fitzgerald; Strecker, Sara Elaine; Kramarenko, Denis; Pivovarchik, Dmitry; Edelman, Elazer R; Artzi, Natalie (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2017-02)
    Hydrogels are an attractive class of biomaterials for minimally invasive local drug delivery given their injectability, tunability, high water content, and biocompatibility. Broad applicability though is challenged: ...
  • Camci-Unal, Gulden; Nichol, Jason W.; Bae, Hojae; Tekin, Halil; Bischoff, Joyce; Khademhosseini, Ali (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2013-05)
    Endothelialization of artificial vascular grafts is a challenging process in cardiovascular tissue engineering. Functionalized biomaterials could be promising candidates to promote endothelialization in repair of cardiovascular ...
  • Li, Meng; Wang, Zhangjie; Gumbsch, Peter; Sun, Jun; Ma, Evan; Shan, Zhiwei; Xie, Degang; Li, Suzhi; Li, Ju (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-11)
    Due to its high diffusivity, hydrogen is often considered a weak inhibitor or even a promoter of dislocation movements in metals and alloys. By quantitative mechanical tests in an environmental transmission electron ...
  • Nick, Thomas U.; Koßmann, Simone; Neese, Frank; Bennati, Marina; Lee, Wankyu; Stubbe, JoAnne (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2014-12)
  • Nicodemus, Rebecca A.; Ramasesha, Krupa; Roberts, Sean Thomas; Tokmakoff, Andrei (American Chemical Society, 2010-03)
    We use temperature-dependent two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy (2D IR) of dilute HOD in H2O to investigate hydrogen bond rearrangements in water. The OD stretching frequency is sensitive to its environment, and loss ...
  • Kamyshny, A.; Farquhar, J.; Mansaray, Z. F.; Oduro, Harry D. (Springer Netherlands, 2012-10)
    While cyanide is known to be produced by many organisms, including plants, bacteria, algae, fungi and some animals, it is generally thought that high levels of cyanide in aquatic systems require anthropogenic sources. Here, ...
  • Bradley, Richard F.; DeBoer, David R.; Parsons, Aaron R.; Aguirre, James E.; Ali, Zaki S.; Cheng, Carina; Patra, Nipanjana; Thyagarajan, Nithyanandan; Bowman, Judd; Dickenson, Roger; Dillon, Joshua S.; Doolittle, Phillip; Egan, Dennis; Hedrick, Mike; Jacobs, Daniel C.; Kohn, Saul A.; Klima, Patricia J.; Moodley, Kavilan; Saliwanchik, Benjamin R. B.; Schaffner, Patrick; Shelton, John; Taylor, H. A.; Taylor, Rusty; Wirt, Butch; Neben, Abraham Richard; Hewitt, Jacqueline N; Ewall-Wice, Aaron Michael; Tegmark, Max Erik; Zheng, Haoxuan (IOP Publishing, 2016-08)
    The Hydrogen Epoch of Reionization Array (HERA) is a radio interferometer aiming to detect the power spectrum of 21 cm fluctuations from neutral hydrogen from the epoch of reionization (EOR). Drawing on lessons from the ...
  • Bradley, Richard; Deboer, David; Parsons, Aaron; Aguirre, James; Ali, Zaki S.; Bowman, Judd; Cheng, Carina; Patra, Nipanjana; Thyagarajan, Nithyanandan; Venter, Mariet; Acedo, Eloy de Lera; Dillon, Joshua S.; Dickenson, Roger; Doolittle, Phillip; Egan, Dennis; Hedrick, Mike; Klima, Patricia; Kohn, Saul; Schaffner, Patrick; Shelton, John; Saliwanchik, Benjamin; Taylor, H. A.; Taylor, Rusty; Wirt, Butch; Ewall-Wice, Aaron Michael; Hewitt, Jacqueline N; Neben, Abraham Richard; Tegmark, Max Erik (IOP Publishing, 2016-11)
    We use time-domain electromagnetic simulations to determine the spectral characteristics of the Hydrogen Epoch of Reionization Arrays (HERA) antenna. These simulations are part of a multi-faceted campaign to determine the ...
  • Kleinke, Andrew S.; Jamison, Timothy F. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2013-01)
    The first continuous hydrogenation that requires neither H[subscript 2] nor metal catalysis generates diimide by a novel reagent combination. The simple flow reactor employed minimizes residence time by enabling safe ...
  • Sheng, Wenchao; Gasteiger, Hubert A.; Shao-Horn, Yang (The Electrochemical Society, 2010-09)
    The kinetics of the hydrogen oxidation reaction (HOR) and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) on polycrystalline platinum [Pt(pc)] and high surface area carbon-supported platinum nanoparticles (Pt/C) were studied in 0.1 M ...
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