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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Apyan, Aram; Barbieri, R.; Bauer, Gerry P.; Busza, Wit; Cali, Ivan Amos; Chan, M.; Di Matteo, Leonardo; Dutta, V.; Gomez-Ceballos, Guillelmo; Goncharov, Maxim; Gulhan, Doga Can; Klute, Markus; Lai, Yue Shi; Lee, Y.-J.; Levin, A.; Luckey, P. David, Jr.; Ma, Teng; Paus, Christoph M. E.; Ralph, Duncan Kelley; Roland, Christof E.; Roland, Gunther M.; Stephans, George S. F.; Stockli, Fabian; Sumorok, Konstanty C.; Velicanu, Dragos Alexandru; Veverka, Jan; Wyslouch, Boleslaw; Yang, M.; Zanetti, Marco; Zhukova, Victoria (Springer-Verlag, 2014-12)
    In searches for new physics in the energy regime of the LHC, it is becoming increasingly important to distinguish single-jet objects that originate from the merging of the decay products of W bosons produced with high ...
  • Balewski, Jan T.; Betancourt, Michael Joseph; Corliss, Ross; Hays-Wehle, James Prewitt; Leight, William Axel; Milner, Richard G.; Redwine, Robert P; Seele, J.; Steadman, Stephen G.; Surrow, Bernd; van Nieuwenhuizen, G.; Walker, M. (American Physical Society, 2012-02)
    We report transverse momentum (pT≤15  GeV/c) spectra of π[superscript ±], K[superscript ±], p, p̅ , K[subscript S][superscript 0], and ρ[superscript 0] at midrapidity in p+p and Au+Au collisions at √sNN=200  GeV. Perturbative ...
  • Surrow, Bernd; Balewski, Jan T.; Betancourt, Michael Joseph; Hays-Wehle, James Prewitt; Hoffman, A. M.; Jones, Christopher LaDon; Kocoloski, Adam Philip; Leight, William Axel; Milner, Richard G.; Redwine, Robert P.; Sakuma, Tai; Seele, Joseph Patrick; Stephans, George S. F.; van Nieuwenhuizen, Gerrit Jan; Walker, M.; Corliss, Ross Cameron (American Physical Society, 2010-02)
    We present the first measurements of identified hadron production, azimuthal anisotropy, and pion interferometry from Au+Au collisions below the nominal injection energy at the BNL Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) ...
  • Greenstone, Michael; Hornbeck, Richard; Moretti, Enrico (University of Chicago Press, 2010-06)
    We quantify agglomeration spillovers by comparing changes in total factor productivity (TFP) among incumbent plants in “winning” counties that attracted a large manufacturing plant and “losing” counties that were the new ...
  • Hwang, Gyuweon; Kim, Donghun; Cordero Hernandez, Jose M.; Wilson, Mark William Brennan; Chuang, Chia-Hao Marcus; Grossman, Jeffrey C.; Bawendi, Moungi G (Wiley-Blackwell, 2015-07)
    Chemical oxidation of under-charged Pb atoms reduces the density of trap states by a factor of 40 in films of colloidal PbS quantum dots for devices. These emissive sub-bandgap states are a byproduct of several standard ...
  • H?vel, Philipp; Simini, Filippo; Vanhoof, Maarten; Smoreda, Zbigniew; Barab?si, Albert-L?szl?; Grauwin, Sebastian; Szell, Michael; Sobolevsky, Stanislav; Ratti, Carlo (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-04)
    The idea of a hierarchical spatial organization of society lies at the core of seminal theories in human geography that have strongly influenced our understanding of social organization. Along the same line, the recent ...
  • Miller, Miles Aaron; Feng, Xiao-Jiang; Li, Genyuan; Rabitz, Herschel A. (Public Library of Science, 2012-06)
    This work presents an adapted Random Sampling - High Dimensional Model Representation (RS-HDMR) algorithm for synergistically addressing three key problems in network biology: (1) identifying the structure of biological ...
  • Thaler, Jesse; Van Tilburg, Ken (Springer-Verlag, 2011-03)
    We introduce a new jet shape—N-subjettiness—designed to identify boosted hadronically-decaying objects like electroweak bosons and top quarks. Combined with a jet invariant mass cut, N-subjettiness is an effective ...
  • Oloritun, Rahman O.; Madan, Anmol; Khayal, Inas; Pentland, Alex Paul (Elsevier, 2013-06)
    Studies have suggested that propinquity; social, cultural, physical and psychological similarities are major factors in close friendship ties. These studies were subject to human recall of interactions with no details of ...
  • Pintilie, Grigore Dimitrie; Zhang, Junjie; Chiu, Wah; Gossard, David C. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-04)
    Segmentation of density maps obtained using cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) is a challenging task, and is typically accomplished by time-intensive interactive methods. The goal of segmentation is to identify the regions ...
  • Mitsos, Alexander; Melas, Ioannis N.; Siminelakis, Paraskeuas; Chairakaki, Aikaterini D.; Saez-Rodriguez, Julio; Alexopoulos, Leonidas G. (Public Library of Science, 2009-10)
    Understanding the mechanisms of cell function and drug action is a major endeavor in the pharmaceutical industry. Drug effects are governed by the intrinsic properties of the drug (i.e., selectivity and potency) and the ...
  • Yang, Ming; Chakraborty, Arup K.; Govern, Christopher C. (American Physical Society, 2012-01)
    In biochemical networks, identifying key proteins and protein-protein reactions that regulate fluctuation-driven transitions leading to pathological cellular function is an important challenge. Using large deviation theory, ...
  • Yang, Shun-Chieh; Chang, Su-Sen; Chen, Yu-Chian (Public Library of Science, 2011-12)
    The relationship between abnormal HER2 expression and cancer is important in cancer therapeutics. Formation and spread of cancer cells may be restricted by inhibiting HER2. We conducted ligand-based and structure-based ...
  • Donley, J. L.; Koekemoer, A. M.; Brusa, M.; Capak, P.; Civano, F.; Ilbert, O.; Impey, C. D.; Kartaltepe, J. S.; Miyaji, T.; Salvato, M.; Sanders, D. B.; Trump, J. R.; Zamorani, G.; Cardamone, Carolin (IOP Publishing, 2012-03)
    Spitzer/IRAC selection is a powerful tool for identifying luminous active galactic nuclei (AGNs). For deep IRAC data, however, the AGN selection wedges currently in use are heavily contaminated by star-forming galaxies, ...
  • Keele, Luke; Tingley, Dustin; Yamamoto, Teppei (Wiley Blackwell, 2015-05)
    Causal analysis in program evaluation has primarily focused on the question about whether or not a program, or package of policies, has an impact on the targeted outcome of interest. However, it is often of scientific and ...
  • Guttman, Mitchell; Garber, Manuel; Clamp, Michele; Zody, Michael C.; Friedman, Nir; Xie, Xiaohui (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2009-06)
    Motivation: Comparing the genomes from closely related species provides a powerful tool to identify functional elements in a reference genome. Many methods have been developed to identify conserved sequences across species; ...
  • Bhanvadia, Amit; Zhu, Roger; Amarnani, Abhimanyu; Gibbons, Sean M.; Martello, Laura A.; Pakpour, Sepideh; Gibbons, Sean Michael; Gurry, Thomas Jerome; Alm, Eric J (BioMed Central, 2017-11)
    Background: Colonization by the pathogen Clostridium difficile often occurs in the background of a disrupted microbial community. Identifying specific organisms conferring resistance to invasion by C. difficile is desirable ...
  • Andersen, Kristian G.; Shlyakhter, Ilya; Tabrizi, Shervin; Winnicki, Sarah; Yen, Angela; Park, Daniel J.; Griesemer, Dustin; Karlsson, Elinor K.; Wong, Sunny H.; Cabili, Moran N.; Adegbola, Richard A.; Bamezai, Rameshwar N.K.; Hill, Adrian V. S.; Vannberg, Fredrik O.; Rinn, John L.; Lander, Eric S.; Schaffner, Stephen F.; Sabeti, Pardis C.; Grossman, Sharon Rachel (Elsevier, 2013-02)
    Although several hundred regions of the human genome harbor signals of positive natural selection, few of the relevant adaptive traits and variants have been elucidated. Using full-genome sequence variation from the 1000 ...
  • Daly, Mark J.; Altshuler, David; Xavier, Ramnik J.; Sklar, Pamela; Purcell, Shaun M.; International Schizophrenia Consortium; Ng, Aylwin C. Y.; Scolnick, Edward Mark; Rossin, Elizabeth; Plenge, Robert M.; Raychaudhuri, Soumya (Public Library of Science, 2009-06)
    Translating a set of disease regions into insight about pathogenic mechanisms requires not only the ability to identify the key disease genes within them, but also the biological relationships among those key genes. Here ...
  • Raychaudhuri, Soumya; Plenge, Robert M.; Rossin, Elizabeth; Ng, Aylwin C. Y.; Purcell, Shaun M.; Sklar, Pamela; Scolnick, Edward Mark; Xavier, Ramnik J.; Altshuler, David; Daly, Mark J. (Public Library of Science, 2009-06)
    Translating a set of disease regions into insight about pathogenic mechanisms requires not only the ability to identify the key disease genes within them, but also the biological relationships among those key genes. Here ...
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