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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Kumar, Nithin Senthur; Del Vecchio, Domitilla (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2016-08)
    A significant problem when building complex biomolecular circuits is due to context-dependence: the dynamics of a system are altered upon changes to its context, potentially degrading the system's performance. Here, we ...
  • Sage, Jeremy M.; Kerman, Andrew J.; Chiaverini, John (American Physical Society, 2012-07)
    We demonstrate loading of ions into a surface-electrode trap (SET) from a remote, laser-cooled source of neutral atoms. We first cool and load ∼10[superscript 6] neutral [superscript 88]Sr atoms into a magneto-optical trap ...
  • Dunand, Matthieu; Gary, G.; Mohr, Dirk (Springer US, 2013-01)
    A high strain rate tensile testing technique for sheet materials is presented which makes use of a split Hopkinson pressure bar system in conjunction with a load inversion device. With compressive loads applied to its ...
  • Ray, M. C.; Guzman de Villoria, Roberto; Wardle, Brian L. (Society for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering, 2009-01)
    A novel shortfiber composite in which the microscopic advanced fiber reinforcements are coated with radially aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is analyzed in this study. A shear-lag model is developed to analyze the load ...
  • Adelino, Manuel; Severino, Felipe; Schoar, Antoinette (Oxford University Press, 2016-03)
    This paper highlights the importance of middle-class and high-FICO borrowers for the mortgage crisis. Contrary to popular belief, which focuses on subprime and poor borrowers, we show that mortgage originations increased ...
  • Kenstowicz, Michael (Linguistic Society of Korea, 2010-06)
    With the development of a “constraints and repair” approach to phonological computation, the field has seen a renewed interest in loanword adaptation. The task of the adapter is to make the loan conform to the segmental, ...
  • Levi, Reut; Ron, Dana; Rubinfeld, Ronitt (Dagstuhl Publishing, 2016-09)
    Constructing a spanning tree of a graph is one of the most basic tasks in graph theory. We consider this problem in the setting of local algorithms: one wants to quickly determine whether a given edge e is in a specific ...
  • Levi, Reut; Ron, Dana; Rubinfeld, Ronitt (Schloss Dagstuhl, 2014)
    We initiate the study of the problem of designing sublinear-time (local) algorithms that, given an edge (u,v) in a connected graph G = (V,E), decide whether (u,v) belongs to a sparse spanning graph G' = (V,E') of G. Namely, ...
  • Skow, Bradford (Scholarly Publishing Office, University of Michigan Library, 2008-10)
    Local versions of the (special) principle of relativity say that if the same type of experiment is conducted in two isolated, unaccelerated laboratories, then the outcomes of those experiments must be the same. Global ...
  • Khan, Sheraz; Gabrieli, John D. E.; Hamalainen, Matti S.; Moran, Joseph M.; Gramfort, Alexandre; Shetty, Nandita R.; Kitzbichler, Manfred G.; Ganesan, Santosh; Lee, Su Mei; Tager-Flusberg, Helen B.; Joseph, Robert M.; Herbert, Martha R.; Kenet, Tal (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-01)
    Long-range cortical functional connectivity is often reduced in autism spectrum disorders (ASD), but the nature of local cortical functional connectivity in ASD has remained elusive. We used magnetoencephalography to measure ...
  • Halldorsson, Magnus M.; Holzer, Stephan Sebastian; Lynch, Nancy Ann (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2015-07)
    We present the first algorithm that implements an abstract MAC (absMAC) layer in the Signal-to-Interference-plus-Noise-Ratio (SINR) wireless network model. We first prove that efficient SINR implementations are not possible ...
  • Serbyn, Maksym; Abanin, Dmitry A.; Papic, Z. (American Physical Society, 2013-09)
    We construct a complete set of local integrals of motion that characterize the many-body localized (MBL) phase. Our approach relies on the assumption that local perturbations act locally on the eigenstates in the MBL phase, ...
  • Franchini, Fabio; Cui, Jian; Amico, Luigi; Fan, Heng; Gu, Mile; Korepin, Vladimir; Kwek, Leong Chuan; Vedral, Vlatko (American Physical Society, 2014-11)
    In some many-body systems, certain ground-state entanglement (Rényi) entropies increase even as the correlation length decreases. This entanglement nonmonotonicity is a potential indicator of nonclassicality. In this work, ...
  • Peterfreund, R. A.; Eskandar, Emad; Cash, Sydney S.; Purdon, P. L.; Lewis, Laura D.; Ching, Shinung; Weiner, Veronica S.; Brown, Emery N. (Oxford University Press, 2013-07)
    Burst suppression is an electroencephalogram pattern that consists of a quasi-periodic alternation between isoelectric ‘suppressions’ lasting seconds or minutes, and high-voltage ‘bursts’. It is characteristic of a profoundly ...
  • Guan, Jie; Jin, Zhongqi; Zhu, Zhen; Chuang, Chern; Jin, Bih-Yaw; Tomanek, David (American Physical Society, 2014-12)
    We propose a fast method to determine the local curvature in two-dimensional (2D) systems with arbitrary shape. The curvature information, combined with elastic constants obtained for a planar system, provides an accurate ...
  • Jung, Kyomin; Grigorescu, Elena; Rubinfeld, Ronitt (Elsevier, 2010-07)
    An ℓ-sparse (multivariate) polynomial is a polynomial containing at most ℓ-monomials in its explicit description. We assume that a polynomial is implicitly represented as a black-box: on an input query from the domain, the ...
  • Xue, Pengfei; Malanotte-Rizzoli, Paola; Wei, Jun; Eltahir, Elfatih A. B. (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2014-10)
    The focus of this study is the local-scale air-sea feedback mechanisms over the shallow shelf water region (water depth <200 m) of the Maritime Continent (MC). MC was selected as a pilot study site for its extensive shallow ...
  • Tong, Jonathan K.; Mercedes, Alvin; Chen, Gang; Boriskina, Svetlana V. (Pan Stanford Publishing, 2014-11)
    We revisit the mechanisms governing the sub-wavelength spatial localization of light in surface plasmon polariton (SPP) modes by investigating both local and global features in optical powerflow at SPP frequencies. Close ...
  • Camas, Francisco M.; Alm, Eric J.; Poyatos, Juan F. (Public Library of Science, 2010-11)
    The specific binding of regulatory proteins to DNA sequences exhibits no clear patterns of association between amino acids (AAs) and nucleotides (NTs). This complexity of protein-DNA interactions raises the question of ...
  • Hassidim, Avinatan; Kelner, Jonathan Adam; Nguyen, Huy N.; Onak, Krzysztof (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-03)
    We introduce a new tool for approximation and testing algorithms called partitioning oracles. We develop methods for constructing them for any class of bounded-degree graphs with an excluded minor, and in general, for any ...
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