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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Ivy, Diane J (Copernicus GmbH, 2018-01)
    Based on observations of the chlorofluorocarbons CFC-13 (chlorotrifluoromethane), 6CFC-114 (combined measurement of both isomers of dichlorotetrafluoroethane), and CFC-115 (chloropentafluoroethane) in atmospheric and firn ...
  • Vollmer, K. Martin; Young, Dickon; Trudinger, Cathy M.; Mühle, Jens; Henne, Stephan; Rigby, Matthew; Park, Sunyoung; Li, Shanlan; Guillevic, Myriam; Mitrevski, Blagoj; Harth, Christina M.; Miller, Benjamin R.; Reimann, Stefan; Yao, Bo; Steele, L. Paul; Wyss, Simon A.; Lunder, Chris R.; Arduini, Jgor; McCulloch, Archie; Wu, Songhao; Rhee, Tae Siek; Wang, Ray H. J.; Salameh, Peter K.; Hermansen, Ove; Hill, Matthias; Langenfelds, Ray L.; O'Doherty, Simon; Krummel, Paul B.; Maione, Michela; Etheridge, David M.; Zhou, Lingxi; Fraser, Paul J.; Weiss, Ray F.; Simmonds, Peter G.; Ivy, Diane J; Prinn, Ronald G (Copernicus Publications, 2018-01)
    Based on observations of the chlorofluorocarbons CFC-13 (chlorotrifluoromethane), ΣCFC-114 (combined measurement of both isomers of dichlorotetrafluoroethane), and CFC-115 (chloropentafluoroethane) in atmospheric and firn ...
  • Rigby, Matthew; Ivy, Diane J.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Vollmer, Martin K.; Miller, Benjamin R.; Reimann, Stefan; Muhle, Jens; Krummel, P. B.; O'Doherty, Simon; Kim, Jooil; Rhee, Tae Siek; Weiss, Ray F.; Fraser, P. J.; Simmonds, Peter G.; Salameh, Peter K.; Harth, C. M.; Wang, Ray H. J.; Steele, L. Paul; Young, Dickon; Lunder, Chris R.; Hermansen, Ove; Arnold, Tim; Schmidbauer, Norbert; Kim, Kyung-Ryul; Greally, B. R.; Hill, Matthias; Leist, Michael; Wenger, Angelina (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2011-04)
    We report on ground-based atmospheric measurements and emission estimates of the four anthropogenic hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) HFC-365mfc (CH[subscript 3]CF[subscript 2]CH[subscript 2]CF[subscript 3], 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluorobutane), ...
  • Ivy, Diane J.; Arnold, T.; Harth, C. M.; Steele, L. P.; Muhle, Jens; Rigby, Matthew; Salameh, P. K.; Leist, Michael; Krummel, P. B.; Fraser, P. J.; Weiss, R. F.; Prinn, Ronald G. (Copernicus GmbH, 2012-05)
    Atmospheric observations and trends are presented for the high molecular weight perfluorocarbons (PFCs): decafluorobutane (C[subscript 4]F[subscript 10]), dodecafluoropentane (C[subscript 5]F[subscript 12]), tetradecafluorohexane ...
  • Sari, Re’em; Yalinewich, Almog; Schlichting, Hilke E (Elsevier, 2014-10)
    Quantifying the atmospheric mass loss during planet formation is crucial for understanding the origin and evolution of planetary atmospheres. We examine the contributions to atmospheric loss from both giant impacts and ...
  • Ganesan, Anita L.; Rigby, Matt; Lunt, Mark F.; Parker, Robert J.; Boesch, Hartmut; Goulding, N.; Umezawa, Taku; Zahn, Andreas; Chatterjee, Abhijit; Tiwari, Yogesh K.; van der Schoot, Marcel; Krummel, Paul B.; Prinn, Ronald G (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-10)
    Changes in tropical wetland, ruminant or rice emissions are thought to have played a role in recent variations in atmospheric methane (CH[subscript 4]) concentrations. India has the world's largest ruminant population and ...
  • Benneke, Bjoern; Seager, Sara (IOP Publishing, 2012-06)
    We present a retrieval method based on Bayesian analysis to infer the atmospheric compositions and surface or cloud-top pressures from transmission spectra of exoplanets with general compositions. In this study, we identify ...
  • Conrad, Janet; Gouvea, Andre de; Shalgar, Shashank; Spitz, Joshua (American Physical Society, 2010-11)
    An ultralarge liquid argon time projection chamber based neutrino detector will have the uncommon ability to detect atmospheric nuτ/nu τ events. This paper discusses the most promising modes for identifying charged current ...
  • Xiao, X.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Fraser, P. J.; Weiss, R. F.; Simmonds, P. G.; O'Doherty, Simon; Miller, Benjamin R.; Salameh, P. K.; Harth, C. M.; Krummel, P. B.; Porter, L. W.; Butler, J. H.; Elkins, J. W.; Dutton, G. S.; Hall, B. D.; Steele, L. P.; Golombek, Amram; Wang, R. H. J.; Cunnold, D. M. (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2010-11)
    Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) has substantial stratospheric ozone depletion potential and its consumption is controlled under the Montreal Protocol and its amendments. We implement a Kalman filter using atmospheric CCl4 ...
  • Covey, Curt; Dai, Aiguo; Marsh, Daniel R.; Lindzen, Richard Siegmund (American Meteorological Society, 2014-06)
    For atmospheric tides driven by solar heating, the database of climate model output used in the most recent assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) confirms and extends the authors’ earlier ...
  • Van Kleek, Max G.; Moore, Brennan; Karger, David R.; Andre, Paul; schraefel, m. c. (Association for Computing Machinery, 2010-04)
    The transition of personal information management (PIM) tools off the desktop to the Web presents an opportunity to augment these tools with capabilities provided by the wealth of real-time information readily available. ...
  • Endres, Manuel; Bernien, Hannes; Keesling, Alexander; Levine, Harry; Anschuetz, Eric R.; Krajenbrink, Alexandre; Senko, Crystal; Greiner, Markus; Lukin, Mikhail D.; Vuletic, Vladan (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2016-11)
    The realization of large-scale fully controllable quantum systems is an exciting frontier in modern physical science. We use atom-by-atom assembly to implement a platform for the deterministic preparation of regular ...
  • Shytov, Andrei; Rudner, Mark; Gu, Nan; Katsnelson, Mikhail; Levitov, Leonid (Elsevier, 2009-03)
    Electrons in graphene, behaving as massless relativistic Dirac particles, provide a new perspective on the relation between condensed matter and high-energy physics. We discuss atomic collapse, a novel state of superheavy ...
  • Soundararajan, Venkataramanan; Raman, Rahul; Raguram, S; Sasisekharan, Viswanathan; Sasisekharan, Ram (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2010-02)
    Vastly divergent sequences populate a majority of protein folds. In the quest to identify features that are conserved within protein domains belonging to the same fold, we set out to examine the entire protein universe on ...
  • Chen, Jiunn-Wei; Chi, Hsin-Chang; Lin, Shin-Ted; Liu, C.-P.; Singh, Lakhwinder; Wong, Henry T.; Wu, Chih-Liang; Wu, Chih-Pan (American Physical Society (APS), 2016-05)
    The transition magnetic moment of a sterile neutrino can give rise to its conversion to an active neutrino through radiative decay or nonstandard interaction (NSI) with matter. For sterile neutrinos of keV-mass as dark ...
  • Vuletic, Vladan (Nature Publishing Group, 2012-04)
    Lasers are often described in terms of a light field circulating in an optical resonator system. Now a laser has been demonstrated in which the field resides primarily in the atomic medium that is used to generate the light.
  • Zwierlein, Martin Wolfram (Nature Publishing Group, 2009-12)
    An elegant experiment shows that atoms subjected to a pair of laser beams can behave like electrons in a magnetic field, as demonstrated by the appearance of quantized vortices in a neutral superfluid.
  • Sergeyev, Ivan; Rosay, Melanie; Wall, Joseph; Linse, Sara; Colvin, Michael Thomas; Silvers, Robert Paul Georg; Ni, Qing Zhe; Can, Thach V; Donovan, Kevin J; Michael, Brian; Griffin, Robert Guy (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2016-06)
  • Demkowicz, Michael J.; Bellon, P.; Wirth, B. D. (Cambridge University Press, 2010-12)
    Recent work indicates that materials with nanoscale architectures, such as nanolayered Cu-Nb composites and nanoscale oxide dispersion-strengthened steels, are both thermally stable and offer improved performance under ...
  • Ajoy, Ashok; Bissbort, U; Lukin, M. D.; Walsworth, R. L.; Cappellaro, Paola (American Physical Society, 2015-01)
    Nuclear spin imaging at the atomic level is essential for the understanding of fundamental biological phenomena and for applications such as drug discovery. The advent of novel nanoscale sensors promises to achieve the ...
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