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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Berzak, Yevgeni; Shikanai, Chie; Flynn, Suzanne; Katz, Boris (Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL), 2017-05)
    A fundamental question in language learning concerns the role of a speaker’s first language in second language acquisition. We present a novel methodology for studying this question: analysis of eye-movement patterns in ...
  • McDuff, Daniel Jonathan; el Kaliouby, Rana; Demirdjian, David; Picard, Rosalind W. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2013-04)
    We present an automated method for classifying “liking” and “desire to view again” based on over 1,500 facial responses to media collected over the Internet. This is a very challenging pattern recognition problem that ...
  • Yang, Jing; Youssef, Mostafa Youssef Mahmoud; Yildiz, Bilge (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2016-12)
    We present a multi-scale approach to predict equilibrium defect concentrations across oxide/oxide hetero-interfaces. There are three factors that need to be taken into account simultaneously for computing defect redistribution ...
  • Youssef, Mostafa; Yildiz, Bilge (American Physical Society, 2014-01)
    Theoretical prediction of self-diffusion in a metal oxide in a wide range of thermodynamic conditions has been a long-standing challenge. Here, we establish that combining the formation free energies and migration barriers ...
  • Singh, Mona; Keating, Amy E.; Fong, Jessica H. (BioMed Central, 2004-01)
    We present a method for predicting protein-protein interactions mediated by the coiled-coil motif. When tested on interactions between nearly all human and yeast bZIP proteins, our method identifies 70% of strong interactions ...
  • Jaques, Natasha Mary; Taylor, Sara Ann; Azaria, Asaph Mordehai Assaf; Ghandeharioun, Asma; Sano, Akane; Picard, Rosalind W. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2015-12)
    In order to model students' happiness, we apply machine learning methods to data collected from undergrad students monitored over the course of one month each. The data collected include physiological signals, location, ...
  • Nielsen, David R.; Amarasiriwardena, Gihan S.; Prather, Kristala L. Jones (Elsevier B.V., 2010-04)
    The application of hydrophobic polymeric resins as solid-phase adsorbent materials for the recovery and purification of prospective second generation biofuel compounds, including ethanol, iso-propanol, n-propanol, iso-butanol, ...
  • Bulyk, Martha L.; Philippakis, Anthony A.; Alleyne, Trevis M.; Peña-Castillo, Lourdes; Badis, Gwenael; Talukder, Shaheynoor; Berger, Michael F.; Gehrke, Andrew R.; Morris, Quaid D.; Hughes, Timothy R. (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2008-12)
    Motivation: Recognition of specific DNA sequences is a central mechanism by which transcription factors (TFs) control gene expression. Many TF-binding preferences, however, are unknown or poorly characterized, in part due ...
  • Frank, Michael C.; Roy, Brandon Cain; DeCamp, Philip J; Miller, Matthew Adam; Roy, Deb K (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2015-09)
    Children learn words through an accumulation of interactions grounded in context. Although many factors in the learning environment have been shown to contribute to word learning in individual studies, no empirical synthesis ...
  • Weissman, Dan; Reinhart, Christoph; Rakha, Tarek (Illuminating Engineering Society of North America, 2014-05)
    In recent years, climate-based metrics, in particular daylight autonomy, have found their way into North American standards and green building rating systems. The authors showed in an earlier pilot study that subjective ...
  • Griffiths, Thomas L.; Tenenbaum, Joshua B. (American Psychological Association, 2011-11)
    redicting the future is a basic problem that people have to solve every day and a component of planning, decision making, memory, and causal reasoning. In this article, we present 5 experiments testing a Bayesian model of ...
  • Zeng, Haoyang; Gifford, David K (Oxford University Press, 2017-03)
    DNA methylation plays a crucial role in the establishment of tissue-specific gene expression and the regulation of key biological processes. However, our present inability to predict the effect of genome sequence variation ...
  • Hill, Alison Lynn; Rosenbloom, Daniel I. S.; Fu, Feng; Nowak, Martin A.; Siliciano, Robert F. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2014-08)
    Massive research efforts are now underway to develop a cure for HIV infection, allowing patients to discontinue lifelong combination antiretroviral therapy (ART). New latency-reversing agents (LRAs) may be able to purge ...
  • Ng, Stanley S. H.; Zhao, Qing; Kulik, Heather Janine (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2016-08)
    We present a systematic, first-principles study of the role of elemental identity in determining electronic, energetic, and geometric properties of representative A₂₈B₂₈, A₃₀B₃₀, and A₃₆B₃₆ III–V (A = B, Al, Ga, or In and ...
  • Dauwels, Justin; Aslam, Aamer; Asif, Muhammad Tayyab; Zhao, Xinyue; Vie, Nikola Mitro; Cichocki, Andrzej; Jaillet, Patrick (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2014-12)
    Traffic forecasting is increasingly taking on an important role in many intelligent transportation systems (ITS) applications. However, prediction is typically performed for individual road segments and prediction horizons. ...
  • Virnau, Peter; Rahi, Sahand Jamal; Mirny, Leonid A.; Kardar, Mehran (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2008-10)
    The binding of a transcription factor (TF) to a DNA operator site can initiate or repress the expression of a gene. Computational prediction of sites recognized by a TF has traditionally relied upon knowledge of several ...
  • Doehrmann, Oliver; Polli, Frida E.; Reynolds, Gretchen O.; Horn, Franziska; Keshavan, Anisha; Triantafyllou, Christina; Saygin, Zeynep M.; Hofmann, Stefan G.; Pollack, Mark; Ghosh, Satrajit S.; Gabrieli, Susan; Gabrieli, John D. E. (2012-09)
    Context: Current behavioral measures poorly predict treatment outcome in social anxiety disorder (SAD). To our knowledge, this is the first study to examine neuroimaging-based treatment prediction in SAD. Objective: To ...
  • Rui Li; Hoque, Mohammed Ehsan; Curhan, Jared R (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2015-07)
    Effective video-conferencing conversations are heavily influenced by each speaker's facial expression. In this study, we propose a novel probabilistic model to represent interactional synchrony of conversation partners' ...
  • Zhang, Tiejun; Wang, Evelyn; Zhu, Yangying; Antao, Dion Savio; Lu, Zhengmao; Somasundaram, Sivanand (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2016-01)
    Thin-film evaporation in wick structures for cooling high-performance electronic devices is attractive because it harnesses the latent heat of vaporization and does not require external pumping. However, optimizing the ...
  • Nandkishore, Rahul Mahajan (American Physical Society, 2012-07)
    We point out that a system which supports chiral superconductivity should also support a chiral pseudogap phase: a finite temperature phase wherein superconductivity is lost but time-reversal symmetry is still broken. This ...
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