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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • NG, GENE-HUA CRYSTAL; MCLAUGHLIN, DENNIS; ENTEKHABI, DARA; AHANIN, ADEL; McLaughlin, Dennis; Entekhabi, Dara; Ahanin, Adel (Co-Action Publishing, 2011-10)
    The ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) is susceptible to losing track of observations, or ‘diverging’, when applied to large chaotic systems such as atmospheric and ocean models. Past studies have demonstrated the adverse impact ...
  • Valdez, Gregorio; Heyer, Mary P.; Feng, Guoping; Sanes, Joshua R. (Public Library of Science, 2014-03)
    microRNAs have been implicated in mediating key aspects of skeletal muscle development and responses to diseases and injury. Recently, we demonstrated that a synaptically enriched microRNA, miR-206, functions to promote ...
  • Tsankov, Alexander M.; Thompson, Dawn Anne; Socha, Amanda; Regev, Aviv; Rando, Oliver J. (Public Library of Science, 2010-07)
    Chromatin organization plays a major role in gene regulation and can affect the function and evolution of new transcriptional programs. However, it can be difficult to decipher the basis of changes in chromatin organization ...
  • Zanna, Laure; Heimbach, Patrick; Tziperman, Eli; Moore, Andrew M. (American Meteorological Society, 2010-05)
    The role of ocean dynamics in optimally exciting interannual variability of tropical sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies is investigated using an idealized-geometry ocean general circulation model. Initial temperature ...
  • Rose, Brian E. J.; Ferreira, David; Marshall, John C. (American Meteorological Society, 2013-05)
    The coupled climate dynamics underlying large, rapid, and potentially irreversible changes in ice cover are studied. A global atmosphere–ocean–sea ice general circulation model with idealized aquaplanet geometry is forced ...
  • McNorton, Joe; Chipperfield, Martyn P.; Gloor, Manuel; Wilson, Chris; Feng, Wuhu; Hayman, Garry D.; Rigby, Matt; Krummel, Paul B.; Weiss, Ray F.; Young, Dickon; Dlugokencky, Ed; Montzka, Steve A.; O'Doherty, Simon; Prinn, Ronald G (Copernicus GmbH, 2016-06)
    The growth in atmospheric methane (CH[subscript 4]) concentrations over the past 2 decades has shown large variability on a timescale of several years. Prior to 1999 the globally averaged CH[subscript 4] concentration was ...
  • Gilad, Sharon; Meng, Ming; Sinha, Pawan (National Academy of Sciences, 2009-03)
    What aspects of facial information do we use to recognize individuals? One way to address this fundamental question is to study image transformations that compromise facial recognizability. The goal would be to identify ...
  • Lepri, Bruno; Staiano, Jacopo; Shmueli, Erez; Pianesi, Fabio; Pentland, Alex Paul (Springer Netherlands, 2016-02)
    In this paper, we exploit different facets of the Friends and Family study to deal with two personality-related tasks of paramount importance for the user modeling and ubiquitous computing fields. First, we propose and ...
  • Esposito, S.; Armandi, M.; Deorsola, F.; Garrone, E.; Bonelli, B.; Freyria, Francesca (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2017-06)
    The effect of both pH and surface oxidation of nanoparticles is studied on the interaction between a commercial slurry of Nanoscale Zerovalent Iron (NZVI) and the azo dye Acid Orange 7 (AO7). NZVI is a reducing agent used ...
  • Zebarjadi, Mona; Yang, Jian; Lukas, Kevin; Kozinsky, Boris; Yu, Bo; Dresselhaus, Mildred; Opeil, Cyril; Ren, Zhifeng; Chen, Gang (American Institute of Physics, 2012-08)
    Experimental thermal conductivity of bulk materials are often modeled using Debye approximation together with functional forms of relaxation time with fitting parameters. While such models can fit the temperature dependence ...
  • Puig, M. Victoria; Miller, Earl K. (Elsevier B.V., 2012-06)
    Dopamine is thought to play a major role in learning. However, while dopamine D1 receptors (D1Rs) in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) have been shown to modulate working memory-related neural activity, their role in the cellular ...
  • Wexler, Kenneth; Ko, Heejeong; Ionin, Tania (MIT Press, 2010-04)
    This article investigates the role of presuppositionality (defined as the presupposition of existence) in the second language (L2) acquisition of English articles. Building upon the proposal in Wexler 2003 that young ...
  • Hamblin, Michael R.; Arany, Praveen R.; Huang, Ying-Ying; Chen, Aaron Chih-Hao (The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2009-02)
    This review will focus on the role of reactive oxygen species in the cellular and tissue effects of low level light therapy (LLLT). Coincidentally with the increase in electron transport and in ATP, there has also been ...
  • Desloge, Joseph G.; Braida, Louis D.; Swaminathan, Jayaganesh; Leger, Agnes C. (Acoustical Society of America (ASA), 2015-01)
    Narrowband speech can be separated into fast temporal cues [temporal fine structure (TFS)], and slow amplitude modulations (envelope). Speech processed to contain only TFS leads to envelope recovery through cochlear ...
  • Indolfi, Laura; Baker, Aaron B.; Edelman, Elazer R. (Elsevier, 2012-07)
    The implantation of matrix-embedded endothelial cells (MEECs) has been reported to have great therapeutic potential in controlling the vascular response to injury and maintaining patency in arteriovenous anastomoses. While ...
  • Durant, John Robert (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-02)
    The wind of change is blowing through the world of science outreach. Tried and tested approaches—in journalism, broadcasting, museums, science centers, and elsewhere—are being reworked in unconventional and sometimes ...
  • Wang, Jin; Dong, Hongping; Chionh, Yok Hian; McBee, Megan E.; Sirirungruang, Sasilada; Cunningham, Richard P.; Shi, Pei-Yong; Dedon, Peter C (Oxford University Press, 2016-06)
    The misincorporation of 2′-deoxyribonucleotides (dNs) into RNA has important implications for the function of non-coding RNAs, the translational fidelity of coding RNAs and the mutagenic evolution of viral RNA genomes. ...
  • Macomber, Bryan A.; Yang, Maria (ASME International, 2011-08)
    Conceptual sketches of design alternatives are often employed as a tool for eliciting feedback from design stakeholders, including potential end-users. However, such sketches can vary widely in their level of finish and ...
  • Kanazawa, Naoki; Goto, Taichi; Sekiguchi, Koji; Granovsky, Alexander B.; Takagi, Hiroyuki; Nakamura, Yuichi; Uchida, Hironaga; Inoue, Mitsuteru; Ross, Caroline A (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-08)
    In the fifty years since the postulation of Moore's Law, the increasing energy consumption in silicon electronics has motivated research into emerging devices. An attractive research direction is processing information via ...
  • Tseng, Tiffany; Yang, Maria (American Society for Engineering Education, 2011-06)
    Although spatial-visual skills have been found to be a strong predictor of success in and aptitude for engineering practice and related technical fields, comparatively little research has been conducted on its function ...
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