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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Zegras, P. Christopher (Sage Publication, 2010-07)
    This paper examines the relationships between the built environment—both ‘neighborhood’ design characteristics and relative location—and motor vehicle ownership and use in a rapidly motorising, developing city context, ...
  • Valencia, Diana; Guillot, Tristan; Parmentier, Vivien; Freedman, Richard S. (IOP Publishing, 2013-08)
    GJ 1214b stands out among the detected low-mass exoplanets, because it is, so far, the only one amenable to transmission spectroscopy. Up to date there is no consensus about the composition of its envelope although most ...
  • Fu, Liang; Hsieh, Timothy Hwa-wei (American Physical Society, 2014-09)
    A quantum phase transition is usually achieved by tuning physical parameters in a Hamiltonian at zero temperature. Here, we show that the ground state of a topological phase itself encodes critical properties of its ...
  • Rajagopal, Krishna; Tripuraneni, Nilesh (Springer Berlin / Heidelberg, 2010-03)
    We solve second order relativistic hydrodynamics equations for a boost-invariant 1+1-dimensional expanding fluid with an equation of state taken from lattice calculations of the thermodynamics of strongly coupled quark-gluon ...
  • Chen, Jiunn-Wei; Wang, Juven (American Physical Society, 2009-04)
    In the hadronic phase, the dominant configuration of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) with two flavors of massless quarks is a gas of massless pions. We calculate the bulk viscosity (ζ) using the Boltzmann equation with the ...
  • Su, Mingjuan; Buchwald, Stephen Leffler (Wiley Blackwell, 2012-03)
    The incredible bulk: The first palladium-catalyzed amidation of five-membered heterocyclic bromides with multiple heteroatoms was achieved using the Pd/1 catalyst system. N-Arylated imidazoles, pyrazoles, thiazoles, pyrroles, ...
  • Vialatte, Francois B.; Sole-Casals, Jordi; Dauwels, Justin H. G.; Maurice, Monique; Cichocki, Andrzej (BioMed Central Ltd., 2009-05)
    Background: oscillatory activity, which can be separated in background and oscillatory burst pattern activities, is supposed to be representative of local synchronies of neural assemblies. Oscillatory burst events should ...
  • Vialatte, Francios B.; Sole-Casals, Jordi; Dauwels, Justin H. G.; Maurice, Monique; Cichocki, Andrzej (BioMed Central Ltd., 2009-05)
    Background oscillatory activity, which can be separated in background and oscillatory burst pattern activities, is supposed to be representative of local synchronies of neural assemblies. Oscillatory burst events should ...
  • Vigeland, Sarah Jane; Yunes, Nicolas; Stein, Leo Chaim (American Physical Society, 2011-02)
    We generalize the bumpy black hole framework to allow for alternative theory deformations. We construct two model-independent parametric deviations from the Kerr metric: one built from a generalization of the quasi-Kerr ...
  • Abel, Zachary Ryan; Demaine, Erik D.; Demaine, Martin L.; Ito, Hiro; Snoeyink, Jack; Uehara, Ryuhei (2014-08)
    We investigate folding problems for a class of petal polygons P, which have an n-polygonal base B surrounded by a sequence of triangles. We give linear time algorithms using constant precision to determine if P can fold ...
  • Banerjee, Abhijit; Duflo, Esther; Hornbeck, Richard (American Economic Association, 2014-05)
    Microfinance institutions have started to bundle their basic loans with other financial services, such as health insurance. Using a randomized control trial in Karnataka, India, we evaluate the impact on loan renewal from ...
  • Taylor, John Ryan; Ferrari, Raffaele (American Meteorological Society, 2010-06)
    In this study, the influence of a geostrophically balanced horizontal density gradient on turbulent convection in the ocean is examined using numerical simulations and a theoretical scaling analysis. Starting with uniform ...
  • Person, Michael J.; Elliot, James L.; Gulbis, Amanda A. S.; Hubbard, William B.; McCarthy, D.W.; Kulesa, Craig A.; Benecchi, Susan D. (Elsevier, 2009-06)
    We apply scintillation theory to stellar signal fluctuations in the high-resolution, high signal/noise, dual-wavelength data from the MMT observation of the 2007 March 18 occultation of P445.3 by Pluto. A well-defined high ...
  • MacMinn, Christopher W.; Juanes, Ruben (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2013-05)
    When carbon dioxide (CO[subscript 2]) dissolves into water, the density of water increases. This seemingly insubstantial phenomenon has profound implications for geologic carbon sequestration. Here we show, by means of ...
  • McCants, Anne E. C. (University of Chicago Press, The, 2012-12)
  • Brinkema, Eugenie Alexandra (B. Price, 2011-01)
    The roof, the roof, the roof is on fire. The roof, the roof, the roof is on fire. The roof, the roof, the roof is on fire. We don’t need no water let the motherfucker burn. Burn, motherfucker, burn. —Bloodhound Gang, ...
  • Dahle, Hakon; Sarazin, C. L.; Lopez, Laura A.; Kouveliotou, C.; Patel, S. K.; Rol, E.; van der Horst, A. J.; Fynbo, J. P. U.; Wijers, R. A. M. J.; Burrows, David N.; Gehrels, N.; Grupe, D.; Ramirez-Ruiz, E.; Michalowski, M. J. (Institute of Physics/American Astronomical Society, 2013-07)
    We have identified a merging galaxy cluster with evidence of two distinct subclusters. The X-ray and optical data suggest that the subclusters are presently moving away from each other after closest approach. This cluster ...
  • Feingold, Joseph; Gibson, Daniel J.; DePasquale, Brian; Graybiel, Ann M. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2015-11)
    Studies of neural oscillations in the beta band (13–30 Hz) have demonstrated modulations in beta-band power associated with sensory and motor events on time scales of 1 s or more, and have shown that these are exaggerated ...
  • Chemali, Jessica J.; Ching, ShiNung; Solt, Ken; Purdon, Patrick Lee; Brown, Emery N. (IOP Publishing, 2013-09)
    Objective. Burst suppression is an electroencephalogram pattern in which bursts of electrical activity alternate with an isoelectric state. This pattern is commonly seen in states of severely reduced brain activity such ...
  • Angalakudati, Mallik; Balwani, Siddharth; Calzada, Jorge; Chatterjee, Bikram; Perakis, Georgia; Raad, Nicolas; Uichanco, Joline (Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS), 2014-04)
    In this paper, we describe both applied and analytical work in collaboration with a large multistate gas utility. The project addressed a major operational resource allocation challenge that is typical to the industry. We ...
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