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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Dean, Dennis A.; Adler, Gail K.; Nguyen, David P.; Klerman, Elizabeth B. (Public Library of Science, 2014-09)
  • Davidson, Robert M.; Lauritzen, Ann; Seneff, Stephanie (MDPI AG, 2013-09)
    This paper postulates that water structure is altered by biomolecules as well as by disease-enabling entities such as certain solvated ions, and in turn water dynamics and structure affect the function of biomolecular ...
  • Hughes, Jennifer; Page, David C (Annual Reviews, 2015-10)
    Mammals have the oldest sex chromosome system known: the mammalian X and Y chromosomes evolved from ordinary autosomes beginning at least 180 million years ago. Despite their shared ancestry, mammalian Y chromosomes display ...
  • Fardin, Paolo; Barla, Annalisa; Mosci, Sofia; Rosasco, Lorenzo Andrea; Verri, Alessandro; Versteeg, Rogier; Caron, Huib N.; Molenaar, Jan J.; Ora, Ingrid; Eva, Alessandra; Puppo, Maura; Varesio, Luigi (BioMed Central Ltd., 2010-07)
    Background Hypoxia is a condition of low oxygen tension occurring in the tumor microenvironment and it is related to poor prognosis in human cancer. To examine the relationship between hypoxia and neuroblastoma, we ...
  • Cirit, Murat (Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, 2016-08)
    The recent advent of microphysiological systems-microfluidic biomimetic devices that aspire to emulate the biology of human tissues, organs and circulation in vitro-promises to enable a global paradigm shift in drug ...
  • Khalilpour, Akbar; Kazemzadeh-Narbat, Mehdi; Tamayol, Ali; Oklu, Rahmi; Khademhosseini, Alireza (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2016-04)
    Helicobacter pylori is responsible for worldwide chronic bacterial infection in humans affecting approximately half of the world’s population. H. pylori is associated with significant morbidity and mortality including ...
  • Seager, Sara; Bains, William; Hu, Rui (IOP Publishing, 2013-09)
    Biosignature gas detection is one of the ultimate future goals for exoplanet atmosphere studies. We have created a framework for linking biosignature gas detectability to biomass estimates, including atmospheric photochemistry ...
  • Lee, Hsiang-He; Bar Or, Rotem Zvi; Wang, Chien (Copernicus GmbH, 2017-01)
    Fires including peatland burning in Southeast Asia have become a major concern to the general public as well as governments in the region. This is because aerosols emitted from such fires can cause persistent haze events ...
  • Arnold, S. R.; Emmons, L. K.; Monks, S. A.; Law, K. S.; Turquety, S.; Tilmes, S.; Thomas, J. L.; Bouarar, I.; Flemming, J.; Huijnen, V.; Mao, J.; Duncan, B. N.; Steenrod, S.; Yoshida, Y.; Langner, J.; Long, Y.; Ridley, David Andrew (Copernicus GmbH, 2015-06)
    We have evaluated tropospheric ozone enhancement in air dominated by biomass burning emissions at high latitudes (> 50° N) in July 2008, using 10 global chemical transport model simulations from the POLMIP multi-model ...
  • Bates, Richard B; Ghoniem, Ahmed F (Elsevier, 2013-01)
    Based on the evolution of volatile and solid products predicted by a previous model for willow torrefaction (Bates and Ghoniem, 2012) a thermochemical model has been developed to describe their thermal, chemical, and ...
  • Bates, Richard B.; Ghoniem, Ahmed F. (Elsevier, 2012-07)
    The aim of this work is the development of a kinetics model for the evolution of the volatile and solid product composition during torrefaction conditions between 200 and 300 °C. Coupled to an existing two step solid mass ...
  • Hotaling, Nathan A.; Babensee, Julia E.; Tang, Li; Irvine, Darrell J (Annual Reviews, 2015-12)
    Strategies to enhance, suppress, or qualitatively shape the immune response are of importance for diverse biomedical applications, such as the development of new vaccines, treatments for autoimmune diseases and allergies, ...
  • Li, Qing; Doyran, Basak; Gamer, Laura W.; Lu, X. Lucas; Qin, Ling; Rosen, Vicki; Han, Lin; Ortiz, Christine; Grodzinsky, Alan J (Elsevier, 2015-03)
    This study aimed to quantify the biomechanical properties of murine meniscus surface. Atomic force microscopy (AFM)-based nanoindentation was performed on the central region, proximal side of menisci from 6- to 24-week old ...
  • Eilenberg, Michael Frederick; Endo, Ken; Herr, Hugh M (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2018-03)
    State-of-the-art transtibial prostheses provide only ankle joint actuation and thus do not provide the biarticular function of the amputated gastrocnemius muscle. We develop a prosthesis that actuates both knee and ankle ...
  • Elliott, Grant; Sawicki, Gregory S.; Marecki, Andrew; Herr, Hugh M. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2013-06)
    While the effects of series compliance on running biomechanics are well documented, the effects of parallel compliance are known only for the simpler case of hopping. As many practical exoskeletal and orthotic designs act ...
  • Pivkin, Igor V.; Karniadakis, George E.; Buffet, Pierre A.; Suresh, Subra; Peng, Zhangli; Dao, Ming (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2016-06)
    Red blood cells (RBCs) can be cleared from circulation when alterations in their size, shape, and deformability are detected. This function is modulated by the spleen-specific structure of the interendothelial slit (IES). ...
  • Bernick, Kristin B.; Prevost, Thibault P.; Suresh, Subra; Socrate, Simona (Elsevier, 2010-12)
    This study presents experimental results and computational analysis of the large strain dynamic behavior of single neurons in vitro with the objective of formulating a novel quantitative framework for the biomechanics of ...
  • Tromberg, Bruce J.; Anderson, R. Rox; Birngruber, Reginald; Brinkmann, Ralf; Berns, Michael W.; Apiou-Sbirlea, Gabriela; Parrish, John A (SPIE, 2016-12)
    Despite widespread government and public interest, there are significant barriers to translating basic science discoveries into clinical practice. Biophotonics and biomedical optics technologies can be used to overcome ...
  • Andersen, Richard A.; Musallam, Sam; Penagos, Hector L.; Wattanapanitch, Woradorn; Rapoport, Benjamin I.; Sarpeshkar, Rahul (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-11)
    Algorithmically and energetically efficient computational architectures that operate in real time are essential for clinically useful neural prosthetic devices. Such devices decode raw neural data to obtain direct control ...
  • Artemiadis, Panagiotis; Katsiaris, Pantelis T.; Kyriakopoulos, Kostas J. (Springer Science + Business Media B.V., 2010-06)
    Redundant robots have received increased attention during the last decades, since they provide solutions to problems investigated for years in the robotic community, e.g. task-space tracking, obstacle avoidance etc. However, ...
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