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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Molina, Luisa Tan; Almanza, Victor; Sosa, G. (Copernicus GmbH, 2012-11)
    This work presents a simulation of the plume trajectory emitted by flaring activities of the Miguel Hidalgo Refinery in Mexico. The flame of a representative sour gas flare is modeled with a CFD combustion code in order ...
  • Mota, Francisco; Aaronson, Scott; Antunes, Luís; Souto, André (Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2013)
    The sophistication of a string measures how much structural information it contains. We introduce naive sophistication, a variant of sophistication based on randomness deficiency. Naive sophistication measures the minimum ...
  • Lanza, Richard C.; Wallace, Mark; McElroy, John; Harris, Bernard; Toolin, Maurice; Hynes, Michael V.; Locklin, Darren; Bray, Nick; Li, Liqian; Clifford, E. T .H.; Andrews, H. R.; Wakeford, Daniel (The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2009-04)
    The Raytheon Trimodal Imager (TMI) uses coded aperture and Compton imaging technologies as well as the nonimaging shadow technology to locate an SNM or radiological threat in the presence of background. The heart of the ...
  • Reading, Nathan; Speyer, David E. (Electronic Journal of Combinatorics, 2010-06)
    Each Coxeter element c of a Coxeter group W defines a subset of W called the c-sortable elements. The choice of a Coxeter element of W is equivalent to the choice of an acyclic orientation of the Coxeter diagram of W. In ...
  • Popp, Maximilian W.; Dougan, Stephanie K.; Chuang, Tzu-Ying; Spooner, Eric; Ploegh, Hidde (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2011-02)
    Recombinant protein therapeutics often suffer from short circulating half-life and poor stability, necessitating multiple injections and resulting in limited shelf-life. Conjugation to polyethylene glycol chains (PEG) ...
  • Ploegh, Hidde; Swee, Lee Kim; Guimaraes, Carla P.; Sehrawat, Sharvan; Spooner, Eric; Barrasa, M. Inmaculada (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2013-01)
    A monoclonal antibody against the C-type lectin DEC205 (αDEC205) is an effective vehicle for delivery of antigens to dendritic cells through creation of covalent αDEC205–antigen adducts. These adducts can induce antigen-specific ...
  • Reich, Lothar; Dutta, Sanjib; Keating, Amy E. (Elsevier, 2014-10)
    Uncovering the relationships between peptide and protein sequences and binding properties is critical for successfully predicting, re-designing and inhibiting protein–protein interactions. Systematically collected data ...
  • Jiang, B.; Guo, H.; Whitehill, Andrew Richard; Ono, Shuhei (Copernicus GmbH, 2015-02)
    Signatures of sulfur isotope mass-independent fractionation (S-MIF) have been observed in stratospheric sulfate aerosols deposited in polar ice. The S-MIF signatures are thought to be associated with stratospheric ...
  • Grossman, Jeffrey C.; Sklan, Sophia Robin (American Physical Society, 2015-10)
    We present a means of controlling phonons via optical tuning. Taking as a model an array of photoresponsive materials (photoswitches) embedded in a matrix, we numerically analyze the vibrational response of an array of ...
  • Long, Fan; Sidiroglou-Douskos, Stelios; Kim, Deokhwan; Rinard, Martin C. (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2014-01)
    We present a system, SIFT, for generating input filters that nullify integer overflow errors associated with critical program sites such as memory allocation or block copy sites. SIFT uses a static pro- gram analysis to ...
  • Zhang, Juanjuan (Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences, 2009-07)
    Mere observation of others' choices can be informative about product quality. This paper develops an individual-level dynamic model of observational learning and applies it to a novel data set from the U.S. kidney market, ...
  • Masutomi, Keiko; Barascud, Nicolas; Kashino, Makio; Chait, Maria; McDermott, Josh (American Psychological Association (APA), 2015-10)
    The segregation of sound sources from the mixture of sounds that enters the ear is a core capacity of human hearing, but the extent to which this process is dependent on attention remains unclear. This study investigated ...
  • Friedner, Michele Ilana; Helmreich, Stefan (Berg Publishers, 2012-01)
    Sound studies and Deaf studies may seem at first impression to operate in worlds apart. We argue in this article, however, that similar renderings of hearing, deafness, and seeing as ideal types - and as often essentialized ...
  • Nguyen, An T.; Kwok, Ronald; Menemenlis, Dimitris (American Meteorological Society, 2012-05)
    A coupled ocean and sea ice model is used to investigate dense water (DW) formation in the Chukchi and Bering shelves and the pathways by which this water feeds the upper halocline. Two 1992–2008 data-constrained solutions ...
  • Gouedard, Pierre; Roux, Philippe; Verdel, Arie; Campillo, Michel; Yao, Huajian; van der Hilst, Robert D. (Society of Exploration Geophysicists, 2011-03)
    We use seismic prospecting data on a 40 × 40 regular grid of sources and receivers deployed on a 1 km × 1 km area to assess the feasibility and advantages of velocity analysis of the shallow subsurface by means of surface-wave ...
  • Bichot, Narcisse Pascal; Heard, Matthew Thomas; DeGennaro, Ellen; Desimone, Robert (Elsevier/Cell Press, 2015-11)
    In cluttered scenes, we can use feature-based attention to quickly locate a target object. To understand how feature attention is used to find and select objects for action, we focused on the ventral prearcuate (VPA) region ...
  • Petersen, Poul B.; Tokmakoff, Andrei (Optical Society of America, 2010-06)
    A compact and stable method for generating high-intensity linearly polarized continuum mid-IR and terahertz light using ultrafast femtosecond (fs) laser pulses is demonstrated. Continuous light generation from <400cm⁻1 ...
  • Baggeroer, Arthur B.; Xue, Ming; Stoica, Petre; Yardibi, Tarik; Li, Jian (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-02)
    Array processing is widely used in sensing applications for estimating the locations and waveforms of the sources in a given field. In the absence of a large number of snapshots, which is the case in numerous practical ...
  • Mershin, Andreas; Zhang, Shuguang; Love, Christopher J. (Public Library of Science, 2008-08)
    It has long been known that there is a sustained electrical potential (voltage) difference between the xylem of many plants and their surrounding soil, but the mechanism behind this voltage has remained controversial. ...
  • Tsimpidi, A. P.; Karydis, V. A.; Bei, Naifang; Pandis, S. N.; Zavala, M.; Lei, Wenfang; Molina, Luisa Tan (European Geosciences Union, 2011-06)
    Urban areas are large sources of organic aerosols and their precursors. Nevertheless, the contributions of primary (POA) and secondary organic aerosol (SOA) to the observed particulate matter levels have been difficult to ...
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