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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Struder, Lothar; Aschauer, Florian; Herrmann, Sven; Lauf, Thomas; Meuris, Aline; Porro, Matteo; Reiffers, Jonas; de Vita, Giulio; Bautz, Mark W.; Bombelli, Luca; Fiorini, Carlo; Burrows, David; Fraser, George; Kendziorra, Eckhard; Santangelo, Andrea; Tenzer, Chris; Kuster, Markus; Lechner, Peter; Lutz, Gerhard; Majewski, Petra; Soltau, Heike; Richter, Rainer; Stefanescu, Alexander; Treis, Johannes; Tsunemi, Hiroshi; Wilms, Jorn (SPIE, 2010-07)
    The Wide Field Imager (WFI) of the International X-ray Observatory (IXO) is an X-ray imaging spectrometer based on a large monolithic DePFET (Depleted P-channel Field Effect Transistor) Active Pixel Sensor. Filling an area ...
  • Maimone, Andrew; Chen, Renjie; Fuchs, Henry; Raskar, Ramesh; Wetzstein, Gordon (Wiley Blackwell, 2014-07)
    In this paper, we discuss a simple extension to existing compressive multilayer light field displays that greatly extends their field of view and depth of field. Rather than optimizing these displays to create a moderately ...
  • Trusheim, Matthew E; Englund, Dirk R. (IOP Publishing, 2016-12)
    We report on wide-field optically detected magnetic resonance imaging of nitrogen-vacancy centers (NVs) in type IIa polycrystalline diamond. These studies reveal a heterogeneous crystalline environment that produces a ...
  • Murray, Stephen S.; Giacconi, R.; Ptak, A.; Rosati, P.; Weisskopf, M.; Borgani, S.; Jones, C.; Parseschi, G.; Tozzi, P.; Gilli, R.; Campana, S.; Paolillo, M.; Tagliaferri, G.; Bautz, Marshall W.; Vikhlinin, A.; Hickox, R. C.; Forman, W. R. (SPIE (Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers), 2010-06)
    Sensitive surveys of the X-ray universe have been limited to small areas of the sky due to the intrinsically small field of view of Wolter-I X-ray optics, whose angular resolution degrades with the square of the off axis ...
  • Carmell, Michelle A; Dokshin, Gregoriy A; Skaletsky, Helen; Hu, Yueh-Chiang; van Wolfswinkel, Josien C; Igarashi, Kyomi J; Bellott, Daniel W; Nefedov, Michael; Enders, George C; Uversky, Vladimir N; Mello, Craig C; Reddien, Peter; Page, David C (eLife Sciences Publications, Ltd., 2016-10)
    The advent of sexual reproduction and the evolution of a dedicated germline in multicellular organisms are critical landmarks in eukaryotic evolution. We report an ancient family of GCNA (germ cell nuclear antigen) proteins ...
  • Looper, Dagny L.; Bochanski, John J.; Burgasser, Adam J.; Mohanty, Subhanjoy; Mamajek, Eric E.; Faherty, Jacqueline K.; West, Andrew A.; Pitts, Mark A. (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2010-11)
    We report the discovery of TWA 30B, a wide (~3400 AU), co-moving M dwarf companion to the nearby (~42 pc) young star TWA 30. Companionship is confirmed from their statistically consistent proper motions and radial velocities ...
  • Demirbas, Umit; Petrich, Gale S.; Nabanja, Sheila P.; Birge, Jonathan R.; Kolodziejski, Leslie A.; Kaertner, Franz X.; Fujimoto, James G. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-07)
    We describe a low-cost diode-pumped Cr:LiSAF laser, mode-locked using a broadband saturable Bragg reflector. The laser produces continuously tunable sub-200-fs pulses from 800 nm to 905 nm.
  • Dykstra, Andrew Richard; Halgren, Eric; Thesen, Thomas; Carlson, Chad E.; Doyle, Werner; Madsen, Joseph R.; Eskandar, Emad; Cash, Sydney S. (Frontiers Media S.A., 2011-08)
    The auditory system must constantly decompose the complex mixture of sound arriving at the ear into perceptually independent streams constituting accurate representations of individual sources in the acoustic environment. ...
  • Kronja, Iva; Yuan, Bingbing; Dzeyk, Kristina; Krijgsveld, Jeroen; Orr-Weaver, Terry L.; Eichhorn, Stephen William; Bartel, David; Orr-Weaver, Terry L. (Elsevier, 2014-05)
    The oocyte-to-embryo transition marks the onset of development. The initial phase of this profound change from the differentiated oocyte to the totipotent embryo occurs in the absence of both transcription and mRNA ...
  • Shalgi, Reut; Hurt, Jessica A.; Lindquist, Susan; Burge, Christopher B. (Elsevier, 2014-05)
    During heat shock and other proteotoxic stresses, cells regulate multiple steps in gene expression in order to globally repress protein synthesis and selectively upregulate stress response proteins. Splicing of several ...
  • Martinez, Asuncion; Tyson, Gene W.; DeLong, Edward (Society for Applied Microbiology and Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2010-01)
    Phosphonates (Pn), compounds with a direct C–P bond instead of the more common C–O–P ester bond, constitute a significant fraction of marine dissolved organic phosphorus and recent evidence suggests that they may be an ...
  • Peng, Jian; Tucker, George Jay; Leighton, Alexander T.; Berger Leighton, Bonnie (Elsevier, 2015-04)
    How disease-associated mutations impair protein activities in the context of biological networks remains mostly undetermined. Although a few renowned alleles are well characterized, functional information is missing for ...
  • Kathuria, Satish; Martiny, Adam C.; Berube, Paul M. (United States National Academy of Sciences, 2009-05)
    The marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus is the most abundant photosynthetic organism in oligotrophic regions of the oceans. The inability to assimilate nitrate is considered an important factor underlying the distribution ...
  • Shalgi, Reut; Hurt, Jessica A.; Krykbaeva, Irina; Taipale, Mikko; Lindquist, Susan; Burge, Christopher B. (Elsevier B.V., 2013-02)
    Global repression of protein synthesis is a hallmark of the cellular stress response and has been attributed primarily to inhibition of translation initiation, although this mechanism may not always explain the full extent ...
  • Mayr, Christine; Bartel, David (Elsevier, 2009-08)
    In cancer cells, genetic alterations can activate proto-oncogenes, thereby contributing to tumorigenesis. However, the protein products of oncogenes are sometimes overexpressed without alteration of the proto-oncogene. ...
  • Deng, Shuo; Balakrishnan, Hari; Netravali, Ravi Arun; Sivaraman Kaushalram, Anirudh (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2014-11)
    Over the past two or three years, wireless cellular networks have become faster than before, most notably due to the deployment of LTE, HSPA+, and other similar networks. LTE throughputs can reach many megabits per second ...
  • Barbastathis, George; Oh, Se Baek (Optical Society of America, 2009-08)
    Based on a linear systems approach, we derive the Wigner distribution function (WDF) of a 4f imager with a volume holographic three-dimensional pupil; then we obtain the WDF of the volume hologram itself by using the ...
  • Cui, Zhu-fang; Shi, Chao; Sun, Wei-min; Wang, Yong-long; Zong, Hong-shi (Springer-Verlag, 2014-02)
    By employing some modification to the widely used two-flavor Polyakov-loop extended Nambu–Jona–Lasinio (PNJL) model, we discuss the Wigner solution of the quark gap equation at finite temperature and zero quark chemical ...
  • WikiDo 
    Kushman, Nate; Brodsky, Micah Z. (Micah Zev); Branavan, Satchuthanan R.; Katabi, Dina; Barzilay, Regina; Rinard, Martin C. (Association for Computing Machinery, 2010-10)
    The Internet has allowed collaboration on an unprecedented scale. Wikipedia, Luis Von Ahn’s ESP game, and reCAPTCHA have proven that tasks typically performed by expensive in-house or outsourced teams can instead be delegated ...
  • Hill, Benjamin Mako; Shaw, Aaron (Public Library of Science, 2013-06)
    Opt-in surveys are the most widespread method used to study participation in online communities, but produce biased results in the absence of adjustments for non-response. A 2008 survey conducted by the Wikimedia Foundation ...
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